NEW YORK (AFP) - Kendrick Lamar has become the first rapper to bag the Pulitzer Prize for music, a milestone for which the board cited his skill in telling the African-American experience.
With the Pulitzer, the 30-year-old from the historically deprived Los Angeles community of Compton joins the leagues of celebrated American composers such as Aaron Copland, Charles Ives and John Adams.
The Pulitzer board gave Lamar the prize for Damn. - an exploration of a classic hip-hop sound for an artist who has shifted gears musically with each album.
The board described Damn. as "a virtuosic song collection unified by its vernacular authenticity and rhythmic dynamism that offers affecting vignettes capturing the complexity of modern African American life".
Damn., which reached number one on the US album chart, moves forward the conversation about race that Lamar started on his previous album, To Pimp A Butterfly, which infused jazz and spoken word and gave voice to the Black Lives Matter movement.
Damn. opens with Lamar addressing his cultural role indirectly with a snippet from a conservative talk show criticising his lyrics against police brutality, which he again raises in the track XXX., a reflection on the meaning of America that features U2.
But much of the album is more personal and introspective, with the track Humble. exploring the pitfalls of fame and Lamar also introducing a martial-arts alter ego, Kung Fu Kenny.
The Pulitzer board rarely awards mainstream music, last year giving the prize to the experimental opera composer Du Yun.
But the board in the mid-1990s introduced changes to make the award more inclusive. It has given the prize previously to jazz artists including Wynton Marsalis and Ornette Coleman.
Hip-hop also has been recognised in the drama category with Hamilton - Lin-Manuel Miranda's modern retelling of America's founding fathers - winning in 2016.
Despite the wide praise for Lamar, he has yet to win the most prestigious award of the music industry, the Grammy for Album of the Year, with both To Pimp A Butterfly and Damn. losing out to pop works.