VENICE (AFP) - Everest, an account of a 1996 disaster on the world's most famous mountain, got the 72nd Venice film underway on a high note on Wednesday, with the US$65-million (S$92 million) production winning praise for its use of 3D technology to bring the majestic scale of the Himalayas to the silver screen.
Icelandic director Baltasar Kormakur's two-hour film recounts the events of May 10-11, 1996, when eight climbers died near the summit after being caught in ferocious blizzard conditions.
In particular it focuses on the internal dynamics and characters of two groups of guides and climbers, one led by New Zealander Rob Hall (played by Australian actor Jason Clarke), the other by American Scott Fischer (Jake Gyllenhaal).
Portrayed as equally talented but temperamentally contrasting, the two men were among those who died over the course of two days when an unprecedented 34 people were attempting to reach the summit in conditions which ultimately resulted in a series of life-and-death decisions having to be made under almost unimaginable duress.
Hall, famously, was able to say goodbye to his pregnant wife (Keira Knightley) via a combination of two-way radio and satellite phone, just before he perished.
Given that such poignant details of the tragedy were widely publicised at the time, the challenge for Kormakur was to retain viewers' attention despite most of them knowing how the story ends.
He has taken that on with a production that is part disaster movie, part thriller and part examination of the varying mindsets and motivations that lie behind the stock mountaineer's response to why one climbs a mountain: "Because it's there."
The British production includes sections shots in the Italian Dolomites, Iceland and Nepal - something the director says was vital to both how the film looked and how the actors understood their roles.
"There are visual effects but they are visual effects created from endless shooting of real mountains," he said. "And I wanted the actors to draw from nature. We were trying to make something as intimate as an indie film and at the same time as epic as a blockbuster."
The disaster, at the time the worst there had been on Everest, raised questions over whether the increasing commercialisation of climbing had led to the perils involved being under-estimated.
Kormakur's vision of events certainly suggests commercial pressures to get as many clients to the top may have contributed, indirectly, to the fatalities.
But it avoids pointing the finger at any of the surviving protagonists, some of whom have published their own, contradictory, accounts of what happened.
"It is a very important balance you have: You are dealing with people's lives but at the same time you are trying to be truthful, not only to them but to yourself," Kormakur said.
Everest is being shown out of competition. Festival director Alberto Barbera hopes his curtain-raiser will have an impact similar to that of Gravity, which opened in Venice two years ago and went on to win a slew of Oscars, and Birdman, which also enjoyed critical and commercial success after being unveiled on the Lido last year.
First reviews were encouraging rather than gushing. The Hollywood Reporter praised the "eye-popping, you-are-there visual techniques" and predicted box office success. Variety was sniffier, giving a "hardly a peak achievement" verdict.
Also due on Wednesday was streaming giant Netflix's debut foray into feature films, Beasts Of No Nations.
The Cary Fukunaga-directed drama about child soldiers in Africa is among 21 works competing for the festival's top prize, the Golden Lion.