The late Singaporean artist and educator Solamalay Namasivayam who died in 2013 at the age of 87, was a formidable man: a "Michelangelesque" pioneer of figurative art here, and an old-school intellectual who listened to Dvorak, quoted Dante and did not suffer fools.
Yet his contributions as an artist are often overlooked. Ask most people if they have heard of him, and you will likely get blank stares.
"He was realitly uninterested in self-promotion," explains Audrey Yeo, whose gallery Yeo Workshop will soon run an exhibition of his works. "He was very dedicated to philosophy, academia and life drawings, more so than the celebrity of marketing. He didn't think he was going to make a living from (art)."
Solamalay Namasivayam: Points Of Articulation runs at the Gillman Barracks gallery from Nov 16 to Dec 22 and will feature more than 20 works depicting the human figure - from monochromatic charcoal and ink on paper to coloured works done in pastels and gouache. They are from the artist's family and date mostly from the 1990s onwards.
Artists Alvin Ong, Jason Wee, Mike HJ Chang and Milenko Prvacki have also been invited to create art responding to the late artist's work, and these will be displayed at Art Outreach next door.
Namasivayam, or "Nama" to his friends, was a respected educator who spent two decades lecturing at the National Institute of Education (NIE). In 1990, he formally founded the art society, Group 90, with Chia Wai Hon, Sim Tong Khern and Brother Joseph McNally. They organised life drawing sessions and later included artists such as Liu Kang, Ng Eng Teng and Earl Lu.
This was a time when there was a dearth of formal platforms for people to practise life drawing in Singapore. Nudity was still taboo and it was hard to find people who would agree to pose nude. Many of the models Namasivayam found for the group were foreign visitors or backpackers.
Yeo says: "I was quite shocked when (Namasivayam's son) pulled out one of his scrolls of an African-American man - he was really powerful - and I saw another one of a woman with an equal muscular strength in her thighs. I thought that was a really powerful way to portray a woman's body."
A Colombo Plan Scholar, Namasivayam did his bachelor's degree in fine arts in Sydney. He was interested in anatomy and would read medical books and visit the morgue there to draw the human body.
"He starts with the joints (when he draws)," Yeo observes. "You can see here where medical science intersects with the arts."
Group 90 member Sim, 89, who was a close friend of Namasivayam, speaks of the "dynamic" quality of the figures he painted.
"He didn't draw outlines or shapes, but would do a combination of comparative parts to form the complete whole. Since he was able to apply tonal values as well as different qualities of light shapes and forms, each piece seemed to be moving at the end of the exercise."
Fellow artist Chia wrote in a 1994 essay that Namasivayam "is all for expressing the dynamism of the nude, bursting with an inner energy of Michelangelesque proportions. He works like one possessed who cannot wait to empty his pent-up emotions, carrying everything before him with his very vigorous brush strokes backed by an acute sense of distortion."
Namasivayam, Yeo suggests, was Singapore's equivalent of Egon Schiele, the famous Austrian figurative painter. "I was surprised to see so much work by a Singaporean artist of the nude life figure, which I thought was more of a European style of art-making. To see that there was a Singaporean artist who had so many works, and this quality of gesture, was pretty amazing."
In a 1997 oral history interview with the National Archives of Singapore, Namasivayam describes the human figure as "the most difficult of all subjects of art". "If you can master it, you can literally draw anything," says the artist, who had previously also done still life studies of inanimate objects, landscapes and avant-garde experiments with abstract forms and patterns.
He was a highly articulate speaker and a voracious reader who had a vast collection of art books. He was obsessed with his craft. "Don't be desultory in your work," he remarked in his personal notes. "Once you start your drawing, stick to it'."
After two decades at NIE, he spent three years at the Singapore Educational Media Service before joining Lasalle College of the Arts in 1987 as a fine arts and specialist lecturer in figure drawing, introducing life drawing into the syllabus.
VIEW IT / SOLAMALAY NAMASIVAYAM: POINTS OF ARTICULATION
WHERE: Main exhibition: Yeo Workshop, 01-25 Gillman Barracks, 47 Malan Road. Programmes; exhibition of contemporary works: Art Outreach, 01-24 Gillman Barracks
WHEN: Nov 16 to Dec 22; 11am to 7pm (Tuesdays to Saturdays), noon to 6pm (Sundays), closed on Mondays. Opens from 5.30pm on Nov 16
INFO: There will be a talk on Nov 16 from 3 to 5.30pm.
On Nov 30, artist Yanyun Chen will run a life drawing session ($25 a participant; materials provided) at Art Outreach from 2 to 5pm. Strictly only for people aged 18 and older. Sign up at lifedrawing-yanyunchen. peatix.com
Namasivayam's son N. Nedumaran describes his father as a "hard taskmasker" and colossal figure who loomed large over him.
"He was more like a school principal than a father. I used to respect him from afar," says the 56-year-old writer and illustrator, who grew up in a house in the Teachers' Housing Estate near Upper Thomson Road.
"If I had to choose one word to describe my dad, it was dignity. He didn't suffer fools. He didn't like frivolous people."
Nedumaran recalls that his father had a studio ("his atelier") in the airy basement of their house and would often paint while listening to classical music.
He would also drive to places such as Upper Peirce Reservoir and cross the Causeway into Malaysia, stepping out with his camera and sketchbook if something caught his eye. (These books, filled with sketches, doodles and watercolour vignettes, will also be on display).
"My wish is to take my last breath with a drawn line," Namasivayam told The Sunday Times in 2011. He died from lung cancer two years later, still drawing and clutching his sketchbook in his final days.