GLASTONBURY (England) • Tens of thousands of music fans streamed into Worthy Farm on Wednesday for the return of Glastonbury, the beloved music festival that will feature hundreds of artistes, from Billie Eilish to Paul McCartney.
The jubilant scenes come as a relief to a live music industry that has battled for survival after Covid-19 wiped out all of the 2020 season and a major chunk of last year's, forcing venues to refund tickets and go without any income.
"We're open," Mr Michael Eavis, who founded Glastonbury 52 years ago, told cheering crowds as the first of the 200,000 revellers entered his farm in south-west England.
"Absolutely marvellous," the 86-year-old said. "Lovely to see you all."
While Glastonbury, the world's largest greenfield festival, is back with a bang after three years, playing to people who secured their tickets in 2019, many smaller festivals are struggling to cope in one of the toughest economic environments for decades.
Many rolled over tickets from previous years, limiting the chance to increase prices to reflect surging costs.
Glastonbury is unique in selling out before any headliners have been announced, given the strength of previous line-ups with stars ranging from Beyonce to David Bowie and Dolly Parton to The Rolling Stones.
Rival events, often set up by people who caught the bug at Glastonbury, cannot count on that level of commitment.
"We're very pleased to be out of the woods in terms of Covid-19 restrictions," said Mr Paul Reed, the chief executive of the Association of Independent Festivals.
"However, it isn't proving to be a huge bounceback for festivals."
Costs across the industry have increased by 20 to 30 per cent, he said, driven up by pressure in supply chains, a shortage of skilled workers after many left the industry and high energy costs.
"Festivals are risky undertakings at the best of times," he said, noting that most independent festivals operated on margins of 10 per cent or less.
Price rises have also been limited. Glastonbury increased its price from £265 (S$450) to £280 in 2020.
A number of smaller festivals, such as Brainchild Festival in East Sussex, have had to cancel.
"It's been a perfect, postpandemic storm of significantly increased costs due to inflation, unprecedented supply chain issues and, crucially, far slower/more last-minute ticket sales than we've ever experienced before," Brainchild Festival said in a statement.
For many, getting through this year and putting on any show will be testament to the industry's will to survive.
Mr Dave Lamb and his wife, who are both foster carers from Derby, central England, said they were desperate to escape the pressures of everyday life in the vast fields of Glastonbury.
"It's like coming home," he said as he entered the site. "It's just community; it's one of the best places on Earth."