Watchdog seeks feedback on proposed changes to Competition Act

Tweaks aimed at formalising and streamlining processes, as well as boosting enforcement

The Competition Commission of Singapore (CCS) is seeking feedback on proposed changes to the Competition Act, which aims to level the playing field among businesses and promote innovation and productivity.

"The key aims of the amendments are to provide CCS with appropriate enforcement tools in line with international best practices and to streamline existing processes," it said in a statement yesterday.

The proposed changes seek to:

• codify the process of providing confidential advice to businesses for anticipated mergers, which already exists under the CCS Guidelines on Merger Procedures 2012;

• enable businesses under investigation to offer legally binding commitments to address any anti-competitive conduct involving sections 34 and 47 of the Act; and

• enable the commission's evidence-gathering and investigation process to be more efficient, to minimise any potential disruption to businesses.

The commission, a statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry, said the proposed changes have been introduced after taking into account the commission's practical experience in enforcing the Act.

For the first proposed change, the commission noted that since 2012, businesses that are considering mergers and are concerned about whether these would infringe the Competition Act have been able to approach it for confidential advice.

The proposed change will formalise the process and provide greater assurance for businesses to consider confidential advice when assessing if a potential merger would infringe the Act.

As for the second proposed change, the commission said during its investigations into potential infringements, companies being probed may offer voluntary undertakings to address the competition concerns identified. Should the commission accept these undertakings, the investigation would stop there.

However, in the case of any future breach of these undertakings, the commission would have to reopen the investigation, which is resource-intensive and does not allow it to address the harm done to the market in a timely way. This is because the voluntary undertakings are neither binding nor enforceable.

The commission is thus proposing the rule change to enable these companies to offer legally binding commitments to address the anti-competitive conduct. Where there is a breach of such commitments, it can then enforce the commitments through the courts.

For the third proposed change, occupants of premises that the CCS inspects or searches are currently required to provide only an explanation of the documents seized on the premises, or information uncovered during the inspections.

The commission is not empowered to ask general questions in the investigation without first serving a written notice under Section 63. This limits the efficiency of its investigation as it has to serve written notices on each individual to be interviewed.

The proposed change will enable the commission's evidence-gathering process to be more effective. It also assured that the scope of its questioning will still be limited to the subject matter or purpose of the probe, and the change does not expand its powers of investigation.

"Rather, the aim of the proposed amendment is to streamline the process of service of the various documents to occupants of a premise and minimise any potential disruption to businesses," it said.

The closing date for the submission of feedback is Jan 11. The consultation documents can be downloaded from the CCS website at under the section Public Register and Consultation, and the government online consultation portal at

The commission welcomes responses from all sources, including law firms, the business community, government departments and members of the public.

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on December 22, 2017, with the headline 'Watchdog seeks feedback on proposed changes to Competition Act'. Print Edition | Subscribe