LONDON • A Singapore-based offshore wind developer has signed an agreement to build a huge US$10 billion (S$13.7 billion) wind farm off the coast of Ireland to power a green hydrogen facility.
Green hydrogen - produced by renewable electricity - is seen as a clean alternative to natural gas for industries such as steel and chemicals, with energy majors from Equinor to BP piling in to the technology.
Europe has a goal of six gigawatts (GW) of installed green hydrogen by 2024, and 40GW by 2030.
Enterprize Energy's 4GW wind farm will supply electricity for hydrogen production and consumption in Ireland, or for conversion into ammonia that can exported, chief executive officer Ian Hatton said in an interview.
"We see Europe as being a net consumer of green hydrogen," he said.
"Our overall model is about developing production of green hydrogen in locations where the natural resources are going to give you the lowest cost and then bring it into the market. So Ireland, to us, is a key hub in that strategy," he added.
Enterprize is not seeking a subsidy for the wind farm. It will raise money through project financing arranged by investment banking firm Societe Generale as well as from private equity investment, Mr Hatton said.
The project will provide electricity for a 4GW hydrogen facility in Ireland being developed by E1-H2 and Zenith Energy called Green Marlin, which could be generating as soon as 2026.
The energy companies have signed a precursor to a power purchase agreement, with EI-H2 off-taking the energy.
The farm will use articulated wind columns, deep-water technology used by the oil and gas industry for exploration, and production platforms.
Enterprize has signed deals with oil and gas development company Sapura Energy and foundation supplier Offshore Design Engineering, which will supply the articulated wind columns for the project.
The company is also developing a 3.4GW offshore wind farm in Vietnam and is looking at Brazil.
"For the past year, we've been targeting locations where we can effectively play join-the-dots with projects that will bring low-cost hydrogen to Europe and maybe to Japan," Mr Hatton said.
Also taking advantage of the region's windy conditions, the British government awarded £9.4 million (S$17.2 million) on Monday to develop an electrolyser for green hydrogen from the onshore Whitelee Windfarm in Scotland.
The funding is for a 10MW electrolyser and associated four tonnes of storage at the 20MW hydrogen production and storage facility, ITM Power said in a statement.