NEW YORK (BLOOMBERG) - Credit investors are once again contemplating nightmare scenarios for China Evergrande Group. But the world's most indebted real estate company has a series of funding options that could help it avoid a market-destabilising cash crunch.
Asset sales, stock listings and a boost in holiday condo sales are among ways that the property developer can restore investor confidence after its stock and several bonds plunged last week. Evergrande units could raise as much as US$9.3 billion from stock sales alone, according to estimates from Glenn Ko at HSBC Holdings.
The developer doesn't have a lot of time. Strategic investors have the right to demand repayments for the US$19 billion they poured into the company three years ago unless Evergrande is able to win a listing in China by Jan 31. The timing for a decision isn't clear, but some analysts doubt Evergrande will get approval as policymakers restrict funding options for developers to cool market speculation.
Evergrande shares fell 6.9 per cent at 10.05am in Hong Kong, after soaring 21 per cent Monday. Its US dollar bond due in 2025 rose 1.6 US cents on the dollar to 75.6 US cents, Bloomberg-compiled prices show. The onshore note due 2024 jumped to 82 yuan.
Without the Shenzhen listing, here are some of the alternatives for Evergrande to raise money or reduce costs to pare its US$120 billion debt load.
Hong Kong IPO: Evergrande is planning to tap the soaring demand for property management companies by spinning off its services business via a listing on the Hong Kong stock exchange. The Shenzhen-based developer won approval last week for the sale, which could raise US$1 billion to US$2 billion, people familiar with the matter said. HSBC said the initial public offering could raise as much as 30 billion yuan (S$6.03 billion) by year end.
The unit is valued at about US$11 billion based on a recent funding round that raised US$3 billion, and could soon join service firms such as Times Neighbourhood Holdings that are winning lofty valuations from demand for butler-like services from the millions of condos in China.
Hong Kong sale: If the China listing fails, Evergrande could look to a secondary stock sale in Hong Kong, where it already trades. Any additional sales in Hong Kong wouldn't be subject to the mainland securities regulators, according to Bloomberg Intelligence (BI) analysts Kristy Hung and Patrick Wong. "Evergrande's aim for a backdoor listing in mainland China could backfire, with Chinese developers increasingly looking to Hong Kong for equity raising instead of at home."
Evergrande would join developers that have raised US$12.9 billion in additional equity in Hong Kong since 2017, the BI analysts note. That dwarfs the US$58 million raised by the sector in China over the same period.
Sell condos: Evergrande is counting on a surge in real estate sales to raise additional cash for its debt obligations and possibly repay the strategic investors. The firm has raised 452 billion yuan in cash from property sales this year to Sept 24, an increase of 51 per cent from a year earlier, according to HSBC. More condo sales are expected from the "golden week" holidays, which start Oct 1.
Last month, Evergrande targeted 200 billion yuan of project sales in September and October, led by a sales promotion with deep discounts. The developer may also reduce its land purchases to preserve cash, according to a report by analysts at CGS-CIMB in Hong Kong.
Refinance: Beijing is looking to tighten access to funding across China's highly indebted property sector. The widely circulated "three red lines" policy restricting bank borrowing for real estate firms may impact some lower-rated issuers, according to S&P.
Evergrande has probably crossed the "red lines", meaning selling new bonds will be difficult if the policy is implemented, though they could continue to refinance existing debt, HSBC said.
The developer will have to repay about US$5.8 billion of bonds and loans over the next two months, raising the prospect of sharply higher refinancing costs if investors balk.
Tap bank assets: Banks and trust firms, with almost 600 billion yuan of outstanding debt, have turned more cautious on Evergrande, threatening to cut off its biggest source of funding. Several banks have decided not to allow the developer to draw on unused credit lines, while some trust firms called Evergrande last week to gauge the prospect of repaying the investors on time, according to people familiar with the matter.
Evergrande has a trove of financial assets it could sell to ease the immediate crunch. Last year it raised its stake in Shengjing Bank, a lender with over one trillion yuan of assets in the north-east province of Liaoning. It owns 36 per cent and is the largest shareholder, with a stake worth about HK$22 billion (S$3.89 billion). It also holds 50 per cent of Evergrande Life Insurance, with assets of 189 billion yuan.
Other assets: Billionaire Hui Ka Yan, who controls Evergrande and has amassed a fortune worth US$22 billion, has other asset levers to pull if he chooses. Among his prized possessions is the Guangzhou Evergrande Taobao soccer team, the most valuable club in China, according to Forbes. The developer could also look to sell a portion of its massive land holdings.
Mr Hui has aspirations to take on Elon Musk in the electric vehicle business, through China Evergrande New Energy Vehicle Group. The auto unit plans to list shares in Shanghai, a transaction that CGS-CIMB analysts said could reduce net gearing by 30 percentage points. The stock sale could raise 34 billion yuan, according to HSBC estimates. Unlike the parent company's shares, which are down about 23 per cent this year, the electric vehicle stock has jumped 160 per cent in Hong Kong.
Buy time: While one of the strategic investors - Suning Appliance Group - has indicated it won't extend the deadline for repayment beyond January, it's not clear if the other investors will be as rigid. Many of them are Evergrande suppliers with long-standing relationships.
"Suning's case is a bit unique as the company's liquidity is tight," HSBC said in its note. "The request for full redemption" by Jan 31 is unlikely.
Another option for the strategic investors is to accept shares of Evergrande or the other units, HSBC said. With a 72 per cent stake, Mr Hui could dilute his shares and still maintain control.
Frank Pan at JPMorgan Chase & Co agrees on the potential extension: "Our base case remains that Evergrande would reach a mutual agreement with the investors should it miss the extended deadline again, leading to another extension."