LONDON • Opec members are discussing a compromise agreement that would see an oil production increase of between 300,000 and 600,000 barrels a day over the next few months, according to people briefed on the talks.
While Iran said on Sunday it was opposed to any increase to current quotas, officials from a number of other countries are optimistic that an agreement can be won for a relatively modest hike at this week's meeting in Vienna, the people said, asking not to be named.
Brent crude erased losses, gaining as much as 85 US cents to US$74.29 a barrel at 9.46am in London. The compromise output boost, if agreed, would be smaller than the 1.5 million barrel a day quota rise that Russia has proposed.
Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) officials are also working on putting the cooperation between the cartel, Russia and other oil producers - the so-called Opec+ group currently comprising 24 nations - on a permanent footing.
That would be a major diplomatic breakthrough for Riyadh and Moscow after just two years of cooperation on oil policy. The prospect of binding Russia, the world's largest exporter after Saudi Arabia, more closely to Opec may help persuade Iran and Venezuela, another sceptic about the need for an increase, to back higher production in the second half of the year.
In the run-up to meetings of Opec and its allies in Vienna this week, several nations have floated plans for production increases, but no consensus has emerged for what is likely to be a fractious meeting.
After two years of squeezing output to drain a global glut, prices have rallied and inventories are closer to typical levels, sparking debate on the direction of policy in the second half of the year. Russia, under pressure from domestic oil companies keen to develop new fields, has said the total increase should be up to 1.5 million barrels.
A quota increase of that size shared among all members would not deliver a commensurate boost in production because several countries, including Venezuela where an economic crisis is slowly destroying the oil industry, are unable to raise output.
An increase of 300,000 to 600,000 barrels a day - above the current Opec+ production of about 32 million barrels a day - would be a real rise in production from those countries with spare capacity, including Saudi Arabia, Russia and the United Arab Emirates.
Some Opec members back increasing output by the lower end of the 300,000 to 600,000 barrel a day range, one of the people said.
Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih met his Russian counterpart Alexander Novak in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, last Saturday.
In comments to Russian media after the talks, Mr Novak said the group would discuss an increase of as much as 1.5 million barrels a day in the third quarter, shared "proportionally" among all the countries in the agreement. Opec is being buffeted by competing geopolitical agendas. While Riyadh and Moscow have agreed to open the taps, Iran and Venezuela want to maintain current policy.
Behind the scenes, the Donald Trump administration, worried about the impact of rising gas prices on mid-term voters, is lobbying hard for a surge in production.
Iran's Opec representative Hossein Kazempour Ardebili said on Sunday that the "market is well supplied, and Opec should abide by its decision up to the end of the year".