WASHINGTON (AFP) - US economists are less optimistic about the outlook and sharply lowered their growth forecasts for this year, amid slowing global growth and continued trade frictions, according to a survey published on Monday (March 25).
And while the odds of a recession by 2020 remain low, they are rising, the National Association for Business Economics (Nabe) said in their quarterly report.
The panel of 55 economists now believe "the US economy has reached an inflection point," said Nabe President Kevin Swift.
The consensus forecast for real GDP growth was cut by three tenths from the December survey, to 2.4 per cent after 2.9 per cent expansion in 2018.
The economy is expected to slow further in 2020, with growth of just 2 per cent, the report said.
Three-quarters of respondents cut their GDP forecasts and believe the risks of to the economy are weighted to the downside.
"A majority of panelists sees external headwinds from trade policy and slower global growth as the primary downside risks to growth," Nabe survey chair Gregory Daco said in a statement.
"Nonetheless, recession risks are still perceived to be low in the near term."
Panelists put the odds of a recession starting in 2019 at around 20 per cent, and for 2020 at 35 per cent, slightly higher than in December.
Daco said that "reflects the Federal Reserve's dovish policy U-turn in January" when the central bank said it would keep interest rates where they are for the foreseeable future, a message reinforced this week.
After four rate increases last year, Daco said a "near-majority of panelists anticipates only one more interest rate hike in this cycle compared to the three hikes forecasted in the December survey."
Panelists see wage growth as the biggest upside risk to the economy, despite expected increase of just 3 per cent this year, as inflation holds right around the Fed's 2 per cent target.
Meanwhile, amid President Donald Trump's aggressive tariff policies, the panel projects the trade deficit will rise to a record US$978 billion this year, beating last year's record US$914 billion.
In an interesting twist in the survey, only 20 per cent said they expected to see the dreaded "inverted yield curve" - when the interest rate on the 10-year Treasury note falls below the 3-month bill - this year.
In fact, the yield curve inverted on Friday for the first time since 2007.