SINGAPORE - The Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS) is to fast-track artificial intelligence (AI)-related patent applications to push the Republic's efforts to develop its digital economy.
The agency announced on Friday (April 26) that applications will now take as little as six months to be processed rather than the usual two to four years.
It said this will make Singapore the fastest country in the world for such procedures.
However, the United States Patent and Trademark Office has, since 2012, offered a fast track option to grant patents within 12 months for an additional fee of between US$1,000 and US$4,000. According to its website, its programme is now granting patents in an average of six months.
An IPOS spokesman noted that in Singapore's case, there will be no additional fees for the service, with "straightforward" cases continuing to cost around $2,400.
Examples of inventions that would qualify include those related to image recognition, speech and voice recognition, natural language processing and autonomous systems.
The Singapore Government released a plan last year calling for ministries and their related agencies to adopt at least one AI project by 2023.
According to a 2017 report, AI could nearly double Singapore's annual economic growth rates by 2035.
IPOS chief executive Daren Tang said: "AI has become one of the biggest drivers of technological and societal change in the world, and it will increasingly underpin Singapore's drive to build a digital economy."
This new accelerated scheme underscores Singapore's commitment to helping AI innovations move quickly to the market, he said.
"This initiative will also be extended to AI innovators outside of Singapore, and will allow them to use Singapore as a base to access markets of their interest speedily. This will reinforce Singapore as an IP (intellectual property) hub for cutting-edge technologies," he added.
The first patent filings in AI were made in Japan in the early 1980s, according to the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
It has since been overtaken by both the United States and China, which are the two dominant markets for AI-related inventions.
Since 2014, China has been the world leader in the number of first patent filings in AI, followed by the US. Together, these three countries account for 78 per cent of the total patent filings, WIPO said in a report on technology trends in 2019.
As patent rights awarded in a particular country protect the invention only within the jurisdiction of that country, and not in other parts of the world, companies generally file patents in their biggest markets as they need to protect their innovations there.
Given Singapore's relatively small population, it can make it less attractive to inventors who find registering their patent rights in every major jurisdiction financially challenging, according to intellectual property lawyer Nicholas Lauw of Rajah & Tann.
"While accelerating the grant of AI-related patents won't cure that issue, many of these inventors need to have certainty that their inventions are patentable in order to seek funding." he said.
"As patents generally take much longer than six months to grant, inventors may choose to obtain patents for their inventions in Singapore first because they can then go to investors with a granted patent in a much shorter time."
Intellectual property lawyer Alban Kang from Bird & Bird ATMD pointed out that as Singapore is less restrictive when it comes to some software-related patents, companies may use the filing in Singapore as a stepping stone to speed up their subsequent filings in other countries.
"Accelerating AI-related patents would attract major companies to file such AI-related patents (here). This would be in line with the government policy of making Singapore a regional IP hub," he added.
Correction note: The article has been updated to reflect the full name of Mr Alban Kang's law firm.