BENGALURU (REUTERS) - Global economic growth prospects are holding strong for this year and next, despite a significant majority of economists in Reuters polls warning new variants of the coronavirus pose the biggest risk to that outlook.
A global survey of nearly 500 economists taken this month also concluded recent rising inflation in key economies around the world would be transitory.
The global economy was now forecast to expand a sizzling 6 per cent this year, which would be its fastest in nearly half a century, followed by a still-robust 4.5 per cent in the following year. Both were marginal increases from the April poll.
Slightly more than half the 48 economies polled on each quarter were upgraded for both years.
But a surge in the latest variant of the virus, which has kept the delayed Tokyo 2020 Olympics an event without spectators, is a reminder vaccinations may have improved but the pandemic has not gone away.
"In recent weeks, financial markets have caught up to the idea that the Covid-19 crisis is not entirely over. The Delta variant adds to the challenge, raising the number of cases and the threshold for herd immunity," said Bank of America Securities global economist Ethan Harris.
"Overall, we see the Delta surge as a moderate headwind to global growth, but as new information comes in, we can be persuaded otherwise."
Financial markets are on edge ahead of the US Federal Reserve's meeting this week, where policymakers are grappling with increased coronavirus infections and a disrupted global supply chain that could induce more price pressures.
As for risks to the global economy, nearly 80 per cent of economists, or 160 of 202 responding to an extra question, said the biggest was a spread of new coronavirus variants.
More than 70 per cent of economists, or 152 of 209, said the current uptrend in global inflation was transitory.
But respondents upgraded their inflation forecasts for this year for 35 of 48 economies polled on and 31 of them for next year. At the same time, there were 29 economies with growth upgrades for this year and 26 for next, suggesting some price stickiness.
"What makes market pricing in the United States more instructive is that they clearly rate the (US Federal Reserve's) policy willingness to look through higher inflation as being credible. This is at a time when US inflation has surprised to the upside again, and is leading a spate of upside surprises across DMs (developed markets) and some EMs (emerging markets)," said Barclays head of economics research Christian Keller.
While economists expected the Fed to end its bond-buying program by the end of next year, with a few more analysts now predicting a rate hike as early as next year, the Bank of Japan and the Bank of England were predicted to keep policy unchanged through to the end of that year.
The European Central Bank, meanwhile, will start tapering its pandemic-related asset purchases some time after its September meeting and stop buying them by the end of March.
While developed economies have handled the pandemic with massive vaccination drives, emerging ones are still dealing with shortages of doses.
"Vaccination remains the key," noted Morgan Stanley economist Vishwanath Tirupattur. "Risks remain elevated in countries with low vaccine penetration, especially in South and South-east Asia, Africa and other EM economies."
In China, the world's second-biggest economy, economic growth likely slowed sharply to 8.1 per cent in the second quarter from a record 18.3 per cent in January-March, as new Covid-19 outbreaks have weighed on consumer spending.
Economists expected Australia's resource-heavy economy to take a hit this quarter from renewed lockdown restrictions and India's economic rebound was also predicted to lose momentum.
Brazil's economy was forecast to extend its "jobless recovery" after this year's inflation surge, while prospects for growth in Mexico looked brighter.
How labour markets recover or adapt effectively once government support schemes lapse will also be key in coming months to both the growth and inflation outlook.
Jobless rates were broadly expected to remain above pre-Covid-19 levels in coming years, including in the US, where the pace of hiring has been very strong in recent months.
According to Rabobank global strategist Michael Every, "a weak, atomised global labour market acts as a huge structural headwind to sustained wage inflation, and thus to sustained inflation in general".