China sets up state pipeline firm in big energy revamp

Merger of 3 giants will help ensure supply of oil and gas keeps pace with growing demand

A crude oil tanker is seen at Qingdao Port, Shandong province, China.
A crude oil tanker is seen at Qingdao Port, Shandong province, China.PHOTO: REUTERS

China has announced the creation of its long-planned national oil and gas pipeline company, officially kicking off one of its biggest energy revamps aimed at helping supply keep pace with swelling demand.

The move marks a "key step" in China's efforts to deepen reforms of its oil and gas sector, the official Xinhua news agency said yesterday, without giving details.

The Chinese government plans to merge the networks operated by its three state-owned giants under a single operator, a key step to removing barriers that have hampered domestic production, and which dovetails with efforts to use more gas instead of coal.

A key development to watch is the valuation of assets, Mr Neil Beveridge, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein & Co, said.

It may take six to nine months for that detail to emerge, based on a similar reform of telecom carriers in 2015 that created China Tower Corp, he said.

The pipeline company's creation has been under consideration since at least 2014, and is part of President Xi Jinping's drive to streamline industrial capacity among state-owned enterprises.

The government is seeking to spur wider natural gas distribution and upstream exploration by shifting ownership from competing producers into a single operator, which can make decisions based on overall national energy needs.

The reform is also designed to help smaller private or foreign firms, which have found access to infrastructure blocked or prohibitively expensive.

With the assets stripped from the hands of the big three state firms, other companies can gain access and move supply to where it is needed.

The plan follows other Chinese reforms aimed at a more level playing field for private and state-owned enterprises. As well, the nation has been accelerating the overhaul of its energy sector in recent years, including changes to its gas pricing policy and merging of power giants.

The state-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, which oversees centrally owned enterprises, did not respond to a faxed request for comment.

Nobody answered calls to the media departments of the three companies involved - China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC), Sinopec Group and China National Offshore Oil Corp.

Policymakers have also embarked on a campaign targeting pollution, replacing coal with gas for industrial and residential uses.

That has boosted demand for the cleaner-burning fuel faster than pipelines can support it, giving China added urgency to push forward the latest reform.

The change will mainly affect PetroChina, the listed unit of CNPC, which controls about 70 per cent of the nation's networks.

Its shares in Hong Kong sank to their lowest since 2004 last week amid concern that the company's earnings and cash flow would be diluted as it loses one of its most prized assets.

CNPC general manager Zhang Wei will likely be appointed as chairman of the pipeline company, according to local media.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on December 10, 2019, with the headline 'China sets up state pipeline firm in big energy revamp'. Subscribe