China factory growth accelerates the most in 3 months, bolsters economic recovery

China's official manufacturing Purchasing Manager's Index rose to 51.9 in March from 50.6 in February.
China's official manufacturing Purchasing Manager's Index rose to 51.9 in March from 50.6 in February.PHOTO: AFP

BEIJING (REUTERS) - China's manufacturing activity expanded at the fastest pace in three months in March as factories cranked up production after a brief lull during the Chinese New Year holidays, with improving global demand adding further momentum to a solid economic recovery.

The official manufacturing Purchasing Manager's Index (PMI) rose to 51.9 in March from 50.6 in February, data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed on Wednesday (March 31), remaining above the 50-point mark that separates growth from contraction for the 13th straight month.

Analysts had expected it to rise to 51.

Chinese factory activity normally goes dormant during the Chinese New Year break, but this year, millions of workers stayed put owing to Covid-19 fears, which led to an earlier-than-usual resumption of business at factories.

The authorities successfully curbed the domestic transmission of Covid-19 virus during the winter, leading to quarantine restrictions and testing requirements being scaled back as life once again returned to normal.

The official PMI, which largely focuses on big and state-owned companies, showed that the sub-index for production stood at the highest level since last December, while new orders also grew at the fastest pace in three months.

Adding to the positive impulse, export orders returned to growth amid improving foreign demand, the survey showed.

China managed to largely bring the Covid-19 pandemic under control much earlier than many other countries did, as the authorities imposed stringent anti-virus curbs and lockdowns in the initial phase of the outbreak.

That has helped its economy mount a rapid turnaround after a slump at the start of 2020, led by resurgent exports growth as factories raced to fill overseas orders. Factory-gate prices have accelerated at their fastest pace in more than two years, while industrial output has also surged.

The resurgent Covid-19 infections abroad and logistics jams have seen some surveyed companies grappling with inadequate imports of raw materials, leading to prolonged delivery timeframes, said NBS senior statistician Zhao Qinghe in a statement accompanying the data.

Beijing has set an annual economic growth target of more than 6 per cent this year, well below analyst expectations for an expansion of more than 8 per cent. Premier Li Keqiang has said policies would not be dramatically loosened to chase higher growth, adding that the focus will be on consolidating the economic recovery.

China's was the only major economy to post growth last year, with an expansion of 2.3 per cent, but that still marked the weakest annual pace in more than 40 years, owing to the Covid-19 fallout.

Growth in China's services sector picked up significantly in March, a separate survey showed, as consumers opened up their wallets after months of hesitation.

The official composite PMI, which includes both manufacturing and non-manufacturing activity, rose to 55.3 from February's 51.6.

A sub-index for activity in the construction sector stood at 62.3 with the weather turning warm in March, compared with 54.7 in February.