TOKYO • Asia's factory pain continued to ease last month with contraction slowing in big export-reliant nations, adding to hopes that the region is steadily emerging from the devastating hit of the coronavirus pandemic.
Manufacturing activity in China expanded at the fastest pace in nearly a decade as domestic demand improved, a private sector survey showed yesterday, suggesting that the world's second-largest economy will help cushion the pandemic's blow to world growth.
But worries about a second wave of infections may weigh on global demand and business sentiment, keeping any rebound in Asia's factory output feeble, some analysts say.
Japan, for one, will enjoy only a "very gradual and protracted recovery" as concerns about a resurgence in Covid-19 cases will weigh on domestic and overseas spending, said Mr Stefan Angrick, senior economist at Oxford Economics.
"With the pace of recovery slowing in some of Japan's key trading partners, exports and business spending are likely to continue to struggle," he said.
China's Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) rose to 52.8 last month from June's 51.2, marking the sector's third consecutive month of growth and the biggest jump since January 2011.
The upbeat findings echoed an official survey last Friday, adding to evidence that China's economy is getting back on its feet faster than expected.
Japan and South Korea saw factory activity shrinking at a much slower pace, a sign that pressures on manufacturers were easing and raising hopes that the worst impact from the pandemic was over.
Taiwan's manufacturing activity also rose above the 50 mark separating growth from contraction, suggesting that increased demand for work-from-home equipment is underpinning chip sales.
But factory activity in the Philippines and Vietnam slid last month, underscoring the patchy nature of the recovery in the region.
India's factory slump also deepened as renewed lockdown measures to contain surging virus cases weighed on demand and output.
"While the broad steadying of the PMI prints across the region points towards further stabilisation in the regional manufacturing sector after the April-May malaise, the path ahead remains a rocky one, as evidenced by the more uncertain tone in the latest reading for some economies," said OCBC Bank economist Wellian Wiranto.
Japan's final au Jibun Bank Flash Manufacturing PMI rose to a seasonally adjusted 45.2 last month from 40.1 in June, marking the slowest pace of contraction in five months.
South Korea's IHS Markit PMI rose to 46.9 last month from 43.4 in June, the highest reading since January, reflecting easing pressure on output and new orders.
A gauge of expectations for South Korea's manufacturing output over the next 12 months jumped, though exports - which account for nearly 40 per cent of the economy - remained a concern.
"Manufacturers maintained a bias towards price discounting and continued to take a cautious view on their staffing numbers," said IHS Markit economist Joe Hayes.
The hit from lockdowns and social distancing policies to contain the virus has pushed many Asian economies into recession, including Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Singapore.
While some countries have eased restrictions, a renewed spike in infections has cast a shadow over recovery prospects in Japan.