TOKYO (REUTERS) - Manufacturing activity in major Asian economies took a hit from weak export orders in August, a sign firms are starting to feel the pinch from intensifying trade friction between the United States and China that many fear could derail global growth.
Surveys of purchasing managers released on Monday (Sept 3) showed persistent pressure on key exporting destinations China, Japan and South Korea.
In China, its vast manufacturing sector grew at the slowest pace in more than a year in August, with export orders shrinking for a fifth month.
Export orders also shrank in Japan and South Korea, suggesting that increasing protectionism and concerns of slower Chinese demand are weighing on Asia's export-reliant economies.
Separate data showed Japanese corporate capital expenditure jumped in the second quarter by the most since 2006, though some analysts warn that global trade tensions may cloud the outlook.
"The tit-for-tat tariff retaliation hurts China's economy far more than that of the United States. And when you look at Asia's economic prospects, much depends on whether China could avoid a sharp slowdown in growth," said Yoshiki Shinke, chief economist at Dai-ichi Life Research Institute in Japan.
US President Donald Trump's relentless "America First" trade push has hurt confidence in many countries and hammered Asian stocks, as investors fret about the hit to global supply chains.
The fear is that the escalating tariff conflict will freeze business investment and trade in a blow to global growth.
Trump has said he is ready to implement new tariffs as soon as a public comment period on the plan ends on Thursday, which would be a major escalation after Washington already applied tariffs on US$50 billion of exports from China.
In Germany there are signs the global trade tensions are having a more noticeable impact with industrial orders figures for July expected to show only a small rise, after falling by the most in nearly a year-and-a-half in June.
While the US economy remains on a solid footing thanks to huge tax cuts by Trump, some analysts say growth has now peaked.
A Reuters poll last month forecast growth in the world's biggest economy will slow steadily in coming quarters, with analysts expecting Trump's trade war to inflict damage.
Another poll showed a similarly cautious outlook for euro zone growth over the remainder of this year and in 2019.
China's Caixin/Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) fell to 50.6 in August from July's 50.8, matching economists' forecasts. While the index remained above the 50-point mark that separates growth from contraction for the 15th consecutive month, it was the weakest since June 2017.
New export orders, an indicator of future activity, have contracted for the longest stretch since the first half of 2016, the Caixin PMI showed.
"The manufacturing sector continued to weaken amid soft demand, even though the supply side was still stable," Zhengsheng Zhong, director of Macroeconomic Analysis at CEBM Group, said in a note accompanying the survey. "China's economy is now facing relatively obvious downward pressure."
Trump, who has threatened to impose duties on virtually all of the more than US$500 billion of Chinese goods exported to the United States each year, told Reuters in an interview earlier this month that resolving the trade war with China would "take time" and that he had "no time frame" for ending it.
In South Korea, another key manufacturing destination, factory activity contracted for a sixth consecutive month in August as export orders shrank for the first time in three months, a PMI survey showed.
While Japan's manufacturing activity expanded in August at a slightly faster pace than the previous month, export orders fell in a fresh sign of the damage from intensifying global trade frictions.
Asian economies less reliant on exports fared better with PMI rising in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Australian manufacturers' activity picked up in August thanks to a rebound in new orders and exports. But separate data showed the country's retail sales fizzled out in July, pointing to a subdued start for the third quarter.