Uber steers toward blockbuster IPO as road looks rocky

Media reports said Uber is seeking to raise some US$10 billion in what would be the largest stock offering of the year. ST PHOTO: KELVIN CHNG

SAN FRANCISCO (AFP) - Uber could become a US$100 billion company with a massive share offering that will be a bellwether for tech startups looking toward Wall Street.

Media reports said the ride-hailing giant is seeking to raise some US$10 billion in what would be the largest stock offering of the year.

That could result in a valuation close to US$100 billion - an impressive figure but below some earlier estimates amid an ebbing of enthusiasm on growth and profitability, the Wall Street Journal reported.

The Journal said details of Uber's initial public offering (IPO) would be released on Thursday (April 11) and the market debut was expected in May.

The IPO comes after a lackluster response to last month's market debut for Lyft, the main US rival of Uber.

Lyft shares rose on the first day of trade and then lost ground. On Wednesday, shares were down more than 10 per cent from the US$72 offering price.

The Journal, citing unnamed sources, said Uber recently provided documents showing a potential price range of between US$48 and US$55 a share, implying a valuation of between US$90 billion and US$100 billion.

These figures could change ahead of the market launch but would be below the estimated US$120 billion suggested by some investment bankers, according to the report.

"Even a valuation in the US$90 billion to US$100 billion range would represent a healthy premium to the latest private valuation (some US$76 billion) in August 2018," said Matt Kennedy of the IPO research firm Renaissance Capital.

"Uber will definitely be pegged to Lyft. So they can't be too aggressive on valuation, given where Lyft is trading. Though it's possible that some of the pressure on Lyft is related to investors looking to pick up Uber instead."

Analysts warn both Uber and Lyft will need strong growth to justify their lofty valuations, and face multiple challenges to their business model which has disrupted traditional taxi services and relies on drivers to be independent contractors.

The ride-hailing firms are also investing in other "last mile" transport options such as electric bikes and scooters, and in the long run are looking to autonomous vehicles as a way to reduce dependence on private cars and reshape urban landscapes.


Uber is the latest, and will be largest of the so-called "unicorns," or venture-backed start-ups worth at least US$1 billion, to look to Wall Street listings to expand their capital base.

But some of the early enthusiasm about this unicorn herd has waned and there are hints that private investment rounds may have been priced too high.

Pinterest, a virtual bulletin board that connects people with interests including food, fashion, travel and lifestyle, plans to trade under the symbol PINS on the New York Stock Exchange.

Pinterest unveiled its IPO price range with an estimated valuation of some US$11 billion, below the US$12 billion in its most recent private funding round.

Other big tech firms which could join the stampede include the business collaboration startup Slack and big data firm Palantir.

Aswath Damodaran, a New York University business professor specializing in corporate valuations, calculated Lyft to be worth around US$16 billion, below its the more than US$20 billion at its IPO price.

Uber released financial data earlier this year showing it lost US$865 million in the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with US$1.1 billion in the same period a year earlier.

The San Francisco-based firm reported revenue of US$3 billion, a 25 per cent increase from a year earlier.

Chief executive Dara Khosrowshahi has promised greater transparency as he seeks to restore confidence in the global ridesharing leader hit by a wave of misconduct scandals over executive misconduct, a toxic work atmosphere and potentially unethical competitive practices.

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