NEW YORK (REUTERS) - The S&P 500 hit a record high on Monday (Oct 28), while the Nasdaq fell just short of its lifetime high touched in late July as a more civil tone between the United States and China lifted hopes for a possible trade deal and investors looked toward a Federal Reserve rate cut later this week.
Microsoft Corp shares climbed 2.46%, making the stock among the biggest boosts to each of three major indexes after the technology giant won the Pentagon's $10 billion cloud computing contract, beating out Amazon.
After rising as much as 0.71% to 3,044.08, the benchmark S&P closed up 0.56% at 3,039.34, topping the record high of 3,025.86 hit on July 26, while the Nasdaq ended the session less than 5 points below its closing high. The Dow Jones Industrial Average ended less than 1% away from its record closing level.
President Donald Trump said on Monday he expected to sign a significant part of a trade deal with China ahead of schedule but did not elaborate on the timing, building on optimism from Friday when Washington said it was "close to finalizing" some parts of a trade deal.
Economic data shows the trade war between the world's two largest economies has begun to take a toll on both countries, leading to worries about a global slowdown.
Global central banks have responded by easing monetary policy. The Federal Reserve is expected to follow that trend at its two-day policy meeting beginning on Tuesday, with high expectations that it will cut interest rates for a third time this year.
"After we finish earnings season and get through this Fed meeting, people will be looking to the trade deal," said Walter Todd, chief investment officer at Greenwood Capital in Greenwood, South Carolina.
"Importantly, as you watch the economic numbers come in here and globally between now and year end, you want to continue to see incremental positive sequential changes. You want to get some confirmation that in fact growth has bottomed and has started to improve."
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 132.25 points, or 0.49%, to 27,090.31, the S&P 500 gained 16.79 points, or 0.56%, to 3,039.34 and the Nasdaq Composite added 82.87 points, or 1.01%, to 8,325.99.
The outlook for a quarter percentage point cut in US borrowing costs have jumped to 94.1% from 49.2% last month, according to CME Group's FedWatch tool.
The third-quarter earnings season has managed to ease some concerns related to the impact of trade tensions on corporate profits, with over 78% of the 204 S&P 500 companies that have reported so far surpassing profit expectations, according to Refinitiv data.
Still, third-quarter earnings are expected to show a decline of 2%.
Investors are waiting for earnings from heavyweights this week such as Apple Inc, Starbucks and Merck & Co Inc.
Chipmakers, which have acted as a proxy for trade tensions with China, gained 1.75% on Monday.
The technology, healthcare and communication services sectors gained more than 1% each.
Among other stocks, AT&T Inc rose 4.28% after the US wireless carrier said it would add two new board members and consider selling off up to $10 billion worth of non-core businesses next year.
Tiffany & Co surged 31.63% after Louis Vuitton owner LVMH made a $120 per share offer to buy the US luxury jeweller.
Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 1.28-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.83-to-1 ratio favored advancers.
The S&P 500 posted 39 new 52-week highs and no new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 115 new highs and 52 new lows.