TOKYO (BLOOMBERG) - Japan's three biggest carmakers are facing the greatest risk from climate change among global auto companies because much of their manufacturing remains concentrated in the island nation, according to a study by Greenpeace.
Toyota Motor, Honda Motor and Nissan Motor will face major challenges ranging from hurricanes and flooding to high temperatures and water shortages in the coming years, based on where their factories are located, said the environmental advocacy group, which analysed data from Moody's ESG Solutions on physical risks.
When it comes to environmental, social and governance issues, the spotlight is usually on the impact that manufacturers have on the climate or society. Yet, as changes in the weather make the impact of natural disasters more frequent and intense, carmakers will face "a high level of physical risk" of damage and disruption at their operational facilities as well as supply chain disruptions, Greenpeace said.
To an extent, the list reflects the realities of geography. The Japanese carmakers, which also have factories in Asia, have facilities scattered across an archipelago that is susceptible to typhoons. The word itself means "big wind" in Japanese.
Towards the bottom of the list of major carmakers facing less climate risk are Volkswagen, Stellantis and other European automakers with manufacturing facilities in northern climates.
Even so, Greenpeace singled out Toyota, which scored the highest, as being "reluctant to disclose climate risks in relation to its facilities" and recommended that the company "take more aggressive action to reduce its carbon footprint". More than 90 per cent of Toyota's manufacturing sites are at high risk for at least one climate hazard, according to Greenpeace's analysis.
Toyota pushed back on the study, saying that it has worked to build a "disaster-resilient supply chain", disclose its emissions and taken steps to secure water supplies. Almost 30 per cent of Toyota's vehicle output came from Japan in the first half.
"Toyota has a solid track record of working within its resources to restore its operations and production in the event of climate change-related disasters, earthquakes and fires, with humanitarian assistance and early restoration of affected areas as the utmost priority," the company said in a statement.
Nissan said it conducts long-term assessments of climate change risks and takes these into account when setting strategy for its supply chain.
"We will continue to hold a dialogue with stakeholders and proactively strengthen our activities," Nissan spokesman Shiro Nagai said.
A spokesman for Honda declined to comment on the report, which will be published soon.