Spotlight on pension shortfalls in Britain

The collapse of British construction giant Carillion, which employs almost 20,000 people in Britain and has a pension shortfall of £587 million (S$1.1 billion), may increase pressure on some of the nation's biggest companies to plug their own fundin
The collapse of British construction giant Carillion, which employs almost 20,000 people in Britain and has a pension shortfall of £587 million (S$1.1 billion), may increase pressure on some of the nation's biggest companies to plug their own funding gaps.PHOTO: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

EDINBURGH • The collapse of Carillion, with more than half a billion pounds of unfunded pension commitments, may increase pressure on some of the nation's biggest companies to plug their own funding gaps.

The construction giant employs almost 20,000 people in Britain and has a pension shortfall of £587 million (S$1.1 billion).

The government-backed Pension Protection Fund (PPF) will probably now step in to help bridge the shortfall in the company's defined-benefit schemes but, under its rules, future pensioners face a 10 per cent drop in payouts as well as a cap of about £35,000 a year.

The issue of pension shortfalls is a political hot potato in Britain that flared up again last year when Toys 'R' Us' British unit avoided bankruptcy by agreeing to pump money into its retirement fund for workers. BT Group's shares tumbled last year after its pension deficit widened.

"Each time there's a high-profile case, it puts more pressure on politicians and the pension regulator to do something about it," said Mr Jon Hatchett, head of corporate consulting at London-based pension adviser Hymans Robertson.

FTSE 350 companies have about £85 billion in total unfunded pension commitments, according to Hymans Robertson.

That figure reached a record-high of £165 billion after the Brexit vote, but has since fallen amid an improvement in the shares and bonds that make up the bulk of retirement pots' investments.

The issue of pension shortfalls is a political hot potato in Britain that flared up again last year when Toys 'R' Us' British unit avoided bankruptcy by agreeing to pump money into its retirement fund for workers.

"We have generally been heading towards calmer waters, with pension-scheme funding positions improving over 2017, but any high-profile corporate collapse is going to increase scrutiny," said Mr Graham McLean, head of scheme funding at consultancy firm Willis Towers Watson.

This may "ratchet up the tension between the contributions paid into pension schemes and distributions to shareholders".

Mr Steve Webb, a former pensions minister who is now director of policy at insurer Royal London Group, questioned Carillion's policy of increasing shareholders' dividend payouts as its pension deficit widened.

In its 2016 annual report, the company said it had increased its dividend in each of the 16 years since it was formed.

Separately, Carillion was criticised on Monday by the Institute of Directors, which said there were signs that management relaxed clawback conditions for executive bonuses as the company ran into trouble.

Said Mr Webb: "There's an argument that the balance between dividends and the pension scheme is wrong in some companies."

Regulators need to take a "tougher line" and challenge companies "more firmly".

Carillion's eligible pension schemes will probably enter an assessment period, where the PPF will decide on compensation, a spokesman for the fund said by e-mail. The PPF has about £6 billion in reserves and manages some £28 billion of assets to help it generate a return.

While the PPF can fund the failure of a few large schemes, a pickup in bankruptcies could overwhelm it, particularly since the manufacturing companies most at risk from a so-called hard Brexit have a disproportionate number of defined-benefit plans, according to former pensions minister Ros Altmann.

"I don't believe the government has considered the dangers of this to the wider corporate landscape," Mr Altmann said by e-mail. "But perhaps the failure of Carillion will focus minds more carefully on the massive risks the United Kingdom and its pensioners might face."

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A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on January 17, 2018, with the headline 'Spotlight on pension shortfalls in Britain'. Print Edition | Subscribe