Corporate governance improves at S'pore-listed firms but new areas of concern emerge amid pandemic

The Singapore Corporate and Transparency Index was higher this year compared with in 2020.
The Singapore Corporate and Transparency Index was higher this year compared with in 2020.PHOTO: ST FILE

SINGAPORE - Companies listed in Singapore continued to improve their corporate governance standards this year, with smaller firms making the most progress.

But new areas of concern have also emerged as a result of work-from-home arrangements during the Covid-19 pandemic.

The Singapore Corporate and Transparency Index (SGTI) was higher this year compared with in 2020, with the overall score for companies in the general category reaching 68.7 points, up 0.8 points from 67.9 points last year.

In the real estate investment trust (Reit) and business trust category, the score rose to 85.0 points from 84.8 last year.

The companies are evaluated based on board responsibilities, shareholders rights, stakeholder engagement, accountability and audit, as well as disclosure and transparency.

Of the 519 Singapore-listed companies ranked in the general category, inflight food caterer Sats emerged in the first place for the second year running. In joint second place were Singapore Exchange and Singtel.

The companies' strong performances are attributed to continued disclosure of the processes and criteria for how board members were appraised by the committees that nominated them, among other reasons.

The companies also disclosed the fee structures of non-executive directors.

Other companies that performed well this year include the three Singapore banks, property companies City Developments and CapitaLand, as well as Singapore Press Holdings, which publishes The Straits Times.

Smaller companies made the biggest improvement in corporate governance this year.

Associate Professor Lawrence Loh of the National University of Singapore Business School's Centre for Governance and Sustainability said: "Last year, there was a strong correlation between high corporate governance standards and big companies. This year, that gap has narrowed considerably."

Smaller companies such as Sing Investments and Finance, Yoma Strategic Holdings and Del Monte Pacific scored well on the SGTI this year.  


Staff at work at Sats Inflight Catering Centre 2. Of the 519 Singapore-listed companies ranked in the general category, inflight food caterer Sats emerged in the top spot for the second year running. PHOTO: ST FILE

Ascott Residence Trust claimed the top spot in the Reit and business trust category, followed by Far East Hospitality Trust and Ascendas Reit. The trusts did well in sustainability management and also in disclosing policies on the amount of funds they could borrow to invest for higher returns.

In addition, they have a minimum of three full-time key representatives who each has at least five years of experience relevant to Reit management.

But some areas of concern have also emerged as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

These include disclosures on board responsibilities, which deteriorated this year compared with last, said Prof Loh.

"There is a decline in disclosure on board matters, such as movements of directors and key management personnel from one company to another. The boards of directors are reluctant to disclose, beyond standard boilerplates, the reasons why some directors or executives leave a company," he said.

He added that most firms are now no longer disclosing the remuneration details of their top five management executives in their annual reports. "These disclosures used to tell a longer story. Now, only the bare minimum is disclosed," Prof Loh said.

Since the onset of the pandemic, the number of board meetings has declined and official documentation standards have deteriorated.

Prof Loh said this could be because directors and management are communicating more via e-mail, as well as social media platforms such as WhatsApp and other messenger applications.

"There is change in board dynamics. Communications have become less formal on virtual platforms and this has had an impact on record-keeping and decision making," he said.

As there is no proper framework for remote meetings and communications, some decisions may not be representative of shareholders or inclusive of the entire board.

"This raises concerns about objectivity and fairness, and does not represent good corporate governance," Prof Loh said.

He added that most Singapore-listed companies have also engaged less with the media and public.

The SGTI is an annual study jointly conducted by CPA Australia, the National University of Singapore Business School's Centre for Governance and Sustainability and the Singapore Institute of Directors.