SYDNEY (REUTERS) Asian shares were trying to rally on Thursday (Aug 8) after Beijing limited the fall in its yuan and provided temporary relief from fears of a global currency war, though worries about recession still lurked in the background.
China's central bank set its yuan midpoint beyond seven to the dollar for the first time since the global financial crisis, but that was not as weak as many had expected.
Markets reacted by taking back a little of their recent hefty losses. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan bounced 0.8 per cent, but was still down more than 7 per cent over the past two weeks.
Japan's Nikkei added 0.6 per cent, and away from seven-month lows, while Chinese blue chips rose 0.9 per cent. E-Mini futures for the S&P 500 edged up 0.26 per cent.
Markets are now awaiting data on Chinese trade for July to gauge how badly the tit-for-tat tariffs are hurting exports.
Investors have increasingly come to fear the trade war will prove protracted enough to shove the world into recession, and have piled into bonds and gold as a hedge.
"Financial markets are raising risks of recession," said JPMorgan economist Joseph Lupton.
"Equities continue to slide and volatility has spiked, but the alarm bell is loudest in rates markets, where the yield curve inverted the most since just before the start of the financial crisis."
Yields on US 30-year bonds dived as deep as 2.123 per cent overnight, not far from an all-time low of 2.089 per cent set in 2016. Ten-year yields dropped further below three-month rates, an inversion that has reliably predicted recessions in the past.
The latest spasm began when central banks in New Zealand, India and Thailand surprised markets with aggressive easings, while the Philippines is expected to cut later on Thursday.
"The decision by these APAC central banks to "go hard and early" has provided further fuel to concerns of a global recession," said Rodrigo Catril, a senior FX strategist at National Australia Bank. "This also means that the Fed will need to come to the rescue."
Chicago Fed president Charles Evans signalled on Wednesday he was open to lower rates to bolster inflation and counter risks to economic growth from trade tensions.
Futures moved to price in a 100 per cent probability of a Fed easing in September and a near 30 per cent chance of a half-point cut. Some 75 basis points of easing is implied by January, with rates ultimately reaching 1 per cent.
Dire data on German industrial output stoked concerns Europe might already be in recession and pushed bund yields deeper into negative territory.
All of which fuelled speculation that the major central banks would also have to take drastic action, if only to prevent an export-crimping rise in their currencies.
The Bank of Japan would be under particular pressure as its yen has gained sharply from the flood to safe havens, leaving it at 106.20 per dollar from 109.30 just a week ago.
The euro has also bounced to US$1.1210, from a two-year trough of US$1.1025, while the US dollar index has backtracked to 97.539, from a recent peak of 98.932.
New Zealand's dollar was still picking up the pieces after sliding as much as 2.6 per cent on Wednesday when the country's central bank slashed rates by a steep 50 basis points and flagged the risk of negative rates.
The kiwi was huddled at US$0.6462 having shed 1.1 per cent for the week so far.
The rapid decline in yields helped lift gold above US$1,500 for the first time since 2013. Spot gold was last at US$1,497.95 per ounce, having been as far as US$1,510 on Wednesday. The precious metal is up 16 per cent since May.
Oil prices regained some ground as talk that Saudi Arabia was mulling options to halt crude's descent helped offset a build in stockpiles and fears of slowing demand.
Brent crude futures climbed US$1.59 to US$57.82, though that followed steep losses on Wednesday, while US crude rose US$1.59 to US$52.68 a barrel.