SHANGHAI • The inclusion of Chinese stocks in closely tracked MSCI share indexes is widely expected to draw tens of billions of dollars into the mainland market next month, but active fund managers' conservative positions could mean inflows are much smaller.
Brokerages, including JPMorgan, Sinolink and Shenwan Hongyuan, predict around US$17 billion (S$23 billion) of foreign money will flow into China stocks during MSCI's two-stage inclusion process, on June 1 and Sept 3, roughly in line with MSCI's own estimates. Such forecasts have stoked fears that a sudden gush of foreign money into China's roughly 230 big-caps via Hong Kong, the main channel for foreign investment in mainland shares, could sap a limited pool of offshore yuan in the city.
Underpinning these projections, however, is an expectation that active fund managers will look to immediately rebalance their portfolios to match the re-weighting of the benchmarks - a highly speculative assumption, according to some market participants.
Mr Wang Qi, a former head of China Index Research at MSCI who led consultation on the A-share inclusion at the US index publisher, forecasts the June 1 inclusion would bring in a mere US$1 billion of inflows.
Active fund managers account for over 80 per cent of the money tracking its indexes, according to MSCI. Unlike passive index-tracking funds, which are obliged to buy China stocks to avoid tracking errors, active funds benchmarked against the indexes can stand pat as China's weighting is so tiny, Mr Wang said.
According to MSCI, US$1.9 trillion of assets track its emerging market benchmark.
Mainland China stocks, or A-shares, will represent a 0.78 per cent weighting of this index after their initial inclusion. A-shares will also account for 0.1 per cent of ACWI, MSCI's flagship global equity index followed by US$3.8 trillion of assets.
Ms Caroline Yu Maurer, head of Greater China Equities at BNP Paribas Asset Management, said she has no plans to make big moves around inclusion day. "Our funds are relatively China-focused, with (Hong Kong-listed) H-shares and A-shares already exceeding 10 per cent of our portfolio last year."
Research house TS Lombard said in a note that fund managers could easily adjust their portfolios by buying Hong Kong-listed stocks, meaning they would not need increased mainland exposure. Of the 230 or so A-shares being added to the index, 49 have H-share listings.
Mr Lyndon Chao, managing director of the Hong Kong-based Asia Securities Industry & Financial Markets Association (Asifma), also flags external risks such as North Korea and movements in US bond yields as potential fund flow factors next month.
Despite the difficulties around forecasting inflows, regulators are leaving nothing to chance amid evidence brokerages in Hong Kong are hoarding offshore yuan ahead of an anticipated jam in the stock connect schemes linking China and Hong Kong.
The Hong Kong Monetary Authority has been preparing for months to ensure adequate yuan supply, while China's central bank announced a series of measures this month to support the offshore yuan market, after quadrupling the Stock Connect daily quota last month.
Asifma had been lobbying to increase the daily quota and improve foreign access to A-shares ahead of the MSCI inclusion.
"Why bother to take the risk of potential embarrassment to China, to HK and to MSCI?" said Mr Chao.