BEIJING • The first official gauge of China's manufacturing sector last month showed activity contracting further, with a series of domestic holidays, the global slowdown and uncertainty from the trade war all likely playing a part.
The manufacturing purchasing managers index (PMI) fell further below the 50 mark that signifies contraction, dropping to 49.2. New orders improved, while export orders declined further.
The non-manufacturing PMI, which reflects activity in the construction and services sectors, also fell, to 54.3 compared with 54.7 in January.
While United States President Donald Trump postponed higher tariffs on Chinese goods last month, few details of a possible deal have been released, and the future of trading relations between the world's two largest economies is still uncertain.
"I think we still want to wait for (March's) reading as (February's) is distorted by the holiday," Commerzbank senior emerging markets economist Zhou Hao said.
"Also the economy could stabilise... Rising input prices suggest that there is no need to worry about deflation, so the question now rests on whether the economy has enough impetus."
"Domestic demand expanded, and inventories of finished goods declined, with prices improving," analyst Wen Tao of China Logistics Information Centre which helped NBS compile the survey, wrote in a statement on its website. "Big enterprises stabilised and improved. Market expectation is relatively good. There are some positive signals popping up."
New export orders slumped to 45.2 last month from 46.9 in January, signalling continued weak demand from the global economy.
Small enterprises are still faring worse than bigger firms, with their reading falling to 45.3 from 47.3.
Expectations improved amid a commodity and equity rally on the back of better trade news and continued government stimulus.