In recent years, there have been more attacks in the region, many of which are linked to the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
May 24, 2017: Twin suicide bombings in East Jakarta
Two suicide bombers killed three Indonesian police officers and injured 10 others in twin blasts at the Kampung Melayu bus terminal in East Jakarta.
ISIS claimed responsibility for the attacks two days later, with one of the bombers understood to have links to militants in Poso.
April 8, 2017: Shoot-out in Tuban, East Java
Six suspected members of the ISIS-sympathising Jemaah Anshorut Daulah (JAD) were shot dead after a protracted shoot-out with the police that ended in a rice plantation in Tuban regency.
All six were part of a failed drive-by shooting attempt targeting two police officers as reprisal for the arrest of JAD leader Zainal Anshori by counter-terrorism police.
Feb 27, 2017: Shooting and bombing in Bandung, West Java
A former terror convict from JAD detonated a pressure cooker bomb in a park before engaging in a shoot-out in a nearby office.
He was shot in the stomach and died later in hospital. No one else was hurt in the incident.
Nov 13, 2016: Bombing in Samarinda, East Kalimantan
A church in was hit by a blast that injured four people.
The Indonesian police said two suspects were on a motorcycle when they threw what was believed to be a low-grade Molotov cocktail or homemade bomb at the church.
Oct 20, 2016: Stabbing in Tangerang, Banten
A suspected supporter of ISIS attacked a police post in Tangerang with a knife and wounded three of them.
The attacker was shot and wounded by police personnel nearby after he stabbed three traffic police officers during the rush hour in Tangerang, on the outskirts of Jakarta. An unexploded pipe bomb and a large ISIS sticker were found near the scene.
July 5, 2016: Suicide bombing in Solo, Central Java
A suicide bomber on a motorcycle, who was targeting the local police headquarters in Solo city, blew himself up after he was stopped by officers from entering the building.
Nur Rohman had tried to barge into the police station. One police officer was slightly wounded in the incident, which killed Nur Rohman.
June 28, 2016: Grenade attack in Puchong, Selangor
Eight were injured after a hand grenade was hurled into a pub at a mall in Puchong.
Malaysian police had initially ruled out the attack as an act of terror, but Imam Wahyudin Karjono, 21, and Jonius Ondrie @ Jahili, 24, were later identified as ISIS operatives that committed the attack in protest of "un-Islamic" behaviour.
Jan 14, 2016: Shooting and bomb attacks in Jakarta
The attacks left seven people dead and more than 20 others injured in downtown Jakarta.
Five ISIS militants had laid siege to a Starbucks cafe located at a busy junction in central Jakarta. Four of the five attackers blew themselves up in what appeared to be a coordinated suicide bomb attack just before lunch hour. The fifth attacker was gunned down by police at close range.
Five unexploded improvised explosive devices were also found in a bag at the carpark outside the cafe.