US Defence Secretary James Mattis makes unannounced visit to Afghanistan

US Defence Secretary James Mattis is adding his weight to efforts to hold peace talks with the Taleban. He will meet President Ashraf Ghani and the new US commander for American and Nato forces, General Scott Miller.
US Defence Secretary James Mattis is adding his weight to efforts to hold peace talks with the Taleban. He will meet President Ashraf Ghani and the new US commander for American and Nato forces, General Scott Miller.PHOTO: AFP

KABUL (AFP) - United States Defence Secretary James Mattis landed in Kabul on Friday (Sept 7) for an unannounced visit to war-torn Afghanistan, adding his weight to a flurry of diplomatic efforts to bring the Taleban to the negotiating table.

His trip comes a little more than a year after President Donald Trump unveiled a revamped strategy for Afghanistan that saw him commit thousands of additional US forces to the country on an open-ended basis.

Mr Mattis, on his second visit to the country in recent months, will meet President Ashraf Ghani and the new US commander for American and Nato forces, General Scott Miller.

His arrival in Kabul comes at a sensitive time in the 17-year war.

The grinding conflict has seen little progress by Afghan or US forces against the Taleban, the country's largest militant group.

Afghan and international players have been ratcheting up efforts to hold peace talks with the Taleban, which was toppled from power by US-led forces in 2001.

An unprecedented ceasefire in June followed by talks between US officials and Taleban representatives in Qatar in July fuelled hopes that negotiations could bring an end to the fighting.

But a recent spate of attacks by the Taleban and the smaller but potent Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) militant group that left hundreds of security forces and civilians dead has severely dented that optimism.

BATTLEFIELD SETBACKS

A twin bomb attack on a wrestling club in a Shi'ite neighbourhood of Kabul on Wednesday was just the latest in a long line of devastating assaults, killing at least 26 people and wounding 91.

The attack underscored the challenges facing Afghanistan's beleaguered security forces that have been beset by corruption and low morale.

Mr Trump's strategy, announced in August 2017, increased the US troop presence in the country, and now includes a renewed push to bring the Taleban to the negotiating table.

But there are fears that Mr Trump is growing frustrated with the pace of progress in the country, spurring US diplomats and other officials to intensify their efforts.

The Taleban have long insisted on direct talks with Washington and refused to negotiate with the Afghan government, which they see as illegitimate.

There is speculation that another meeting between US and Taleban representatives could be held this month.

Mr Mattis arrived in Kabul from Delhi where he and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met their Indian counterparts.

Mr Pompeo also visited Islamabad on Wednesday, where he held talks with new premier Imran Khan and other senior officials.

Mr Pompeo said he was "hopeful" of resetting the troubled relationship with Pakistan, a key player in the Afghan conflict.

Gen Miller, who took command of US and Nato forces at a handover ceremony in Kabul on Sunday, replaces Gen John Nicholson, who rotated out of the role after a more than two-year deployment.

Gen Nicholson told reporters last month that the warring parties now had an "unprecedented" opportunity for peace, and insisted Mr Trump's strategy for the country was working.

But his optimism belied recent setbacks on the battlefield.

The Taleban last month launched an extraordinary attack on the provincial capital of Ghazni - just a two-hour drive from Kabul.

Militants held large parts of the city for days and Afghan forces needed US air power to push them back.