News analysis

India elections: The 5Ms behind Modi's repeat landslide win

Money, machine, media, majoritarian messages and, above all, Modi himself helped party retain power

They have a word in India for the repeat landslide win pulled off by its Hindu nationalist Prime Minister: tsunamo.

That's short for a tsunami for Mr Narendra Modi. Not only did his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) seem set to improve on its 2014 showing, but it also kept the opposition Congress down to no more than a marginally better performance than the all-time low it hit in that election.

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A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on May 24, 2019, with the headline 'The 4Ms behind BJP's repeat landslide win'. Print Edition | Subscribe