Taleban announces new round of peace talks with US in Doha

US special representative for Afghan peace and reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad gestures as he speaks during a forum talk with Afghan director of TOLO news Lotfullah Najafizada in Kabul on April 28, 2019.
US special representative for Afghan peace and reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad gestures as he speaks during a forum talk with Afghan director of TOLO news Lotfullah Najafizada in Kabul on April 28, 2019.PHOTO: AFP

KABUL (AFP) - A new round of peace talks between the Taleban and the US starts Wednesday (May 1) in Qatar, an official for the insurgents said, as the foes seek a way out of America's longest war.

The talks mark the sixth round of negotiations between the two sides in recent months, and come as pressure builds for some sort of breakthrough in Afghanistan's gruelling conflict, with Washington jostling for a resolution.

According to Taleban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid, the talks "will start in Doha today".

The US embassy in Kabul did not immediately comment, but the US State Department has already said its peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad will visit Doha, the Qatari capital, this month to meet the Taleban.

Dr Khalilzad, who was born in Afghanistan and is a former US ambassador to the country, has spent several months shuttling between Asian capitals and Washington in a bid to build consensus for a deal.

On Sunday (April 28), he said Washington was "a bit impatient" to end the war, given its US$45 billion (S$61 billion) annual cost to the US taxpayer and the continued toll on US forces, some 2,400 of whom have been killed since the US-led invasion in response to the Sept 11, 2001 attacks.

US President Donald Trump provided additional momentum when in December he told advisors he wanted to pull about half of America's 14,000 troops from Afghanistan.

 
 

MEGA MEETING IN KABUL

Dr Khalilzad has repeatedly stressed "there is no final agreement until everything is agreed" but the basic framework for a deal would see the US agree to pull its forces from Afghanistan in return for the Taleban vowing to stop terror groups ever again using the country as a safe haven.

But none of the talks thus far have included the Afghan government, which the Taleban views as a puppet regime.

That means that even if the US and the Taleban can agree a deal to end the war and a timetable for an eventual troop withdrawal, the insurgents must still forge some kind of an accord with Afghan politicians and tribal elders before an enduring ceasefire could kick in.

An initial attempt for an "intra-Afghan dialogue", due to take place last month in Doha, collapsed in disarray at the last minute amid bickering over the lengthy list of delegates Afghan President Ashraf Ghani wanted to send.

Separately, thousands of Afghan politicians and representatives from various groups are meeting in Kabul this week at a "loya jirga" peace summit to discuss conditions under which they might envision some sort of deal with the Taleban.

Among top concerns are that the militant Islamist extremists would try to undo advances in women's rights, media freedoms and legal protections.

Dr Khalilzad went to Moscow last week, where Russia and China voiced support for the US plan for a peace deal and stressed the need for intra-Afghan dialogue that would see all sides in Afghanistan at a negotiating table.

Violence across Afghanistan meanwhile continues apace, and the Taleban last month announced the start of their annual spring offensive.