Sri Lanka faces challenges in bid to resume hangings

Sri Lankans protesting in front of Welikada Prison in Colombo last Friday against President Maithripala Sirisena's decision to resume capital punishment and start executing drug convicts.
Sri Lankans protesting in front of Welikada Prison in Colombo last Friday against President Maithripala Sirisena's decision to resume capital punishment and start executing drug convicts.PHOTO: REUTERS

COLOMBO • Sri Lanka's President is facing fresh legal challenges in his attempt to end a 43-year moratorium on capital punishment and start executing drug convicts, officials said yesterday.

Two petitions were filed in the Court of Appeal last Friday seeking an order quashing any move by Mr Maithripala Sirisena to resume executions. Sri Lanka last carried out executions in June 1976.

"The Court of Appeal will have a preliminary hearing next week. In the meantime, the prisons commissioner has given an assurance... that there will be no hangings," a court official told Agence France Presse.

Last Wednesday, Mr Sirisena said he had completed formalities to resume hangings by signing the death warrants of four condemned drug convicts. He did not say when the executions would be carried out.

Justice ministry sources said they had yet to fill the vacancies for two hangmen, although more than a dozen candidates had been shortlisted for the job.

Although the last execution was more than four decades ago, an executioner was in the post until his retirement in 2014. Three replacements since have quit after short stints at the unused gallows.

There has been a mounting chorus of international criticism of Mr Sirisena's announcement.

Justice ministry sources said, however, that there would have to be a lengthy administrative process before an execution took place.

 

A High Court judge who condemned a convict would have to make a fresh recommendation whether to carry out the death penalty or not. The condemned prisoner also has the option of making a clemency plea to the president.

"I have signed the death warrants of four," Mr Sirisena told reporters at his official residence last Wednesday. "They have not been told yet. We don't want to announce the names yet because that could lead to unrest in prisons."

An official in Mr Sirisena's office said the President wanted the hangings to send a powerful message to those in the illegal drug trade.

Mr Sirisena had pointed out that there were 200,000 drug addicts in the country, and 60 per cent of the 24,000-strong prison population comprised drug offenders.

Criminals in Sri Lanka are regularly handed death sentences for murder, rape and drug-related crimes, but since 1976, their punishments have been commuted to life imprisonment.

AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on July 01, 2019, with the headline 'Sri Lanka faces challenges in bid to resume hangings'. Print Edition | Subscribe