NEW DELHI (REUTERS) - Indian prime minister-designate Narendra Modi on Wednesday invited the leaders of Pakistan and other neighbours to his inauguration next week in an unprecedented move, signalling his aspirations to be a regional leader.
India, the regional heavyweight, has long had difficult ties with its neighbours, most notably Pakistan, but also smaller nations, such as Nepal and Bangladesh, over trade, immigration and river sharing issues.
But in reaching out to members of the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) at the very start of his administration, Mr Modi may also be seeking to address concerns that long-time rival China is making inroads in the region.
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was on the guest list of leaders from the eight-member regional grouping invited to attend Mr Modi's swearing next Monday, government and members of his Bharatiya Janata Party said.
"India's Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh writes to SAARC counterparts inviting their leaders to attend swearing-in ceremony on 26th May," Foreign Ministry spokesman Syed Akbaruddin wrote on social media website Twitter.
If the Pakistani prime minister were to attend the planned ceremony in the forecourt of the presidential mansion, the event would be a first in the history of the nuclear-armed rivals, who have fought three wars since independence in 1947.
It was not immediately clear if Mr Sharif would accept.
Analysts said the visit would be politically difficult. Pakistan's high commission in New Delhi said it had not yet received the invitation.
But Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa's office said he would fly to Delhi for Mr Modi's swearing-in. "The president has got the invitation similar (to) all other South Asian leaders. President Rajapaksa...will participate in the inauguration," a presidential aide told Reuters on condition of anonymity.
China has built a port in Sri Lanka and is involved in upgrading another in Bangladesh, besides its military and civil assistance to long-time ally Pakistan, heightening Delhi's anxieties of being boxed in.
"Politically, inviting the regional leaders is a smart move," said Mr C.Raja Mohan, an influential foreign policy analyst. "As the largest country in the region, India should be reaching out to its neighbours."
Even if Mr Sharif cannot come, the new administration in New Delhi is signalling its wish to re-engage with the neighbour, analysts said.
The victorious BJP has long advocated a tough stance on Pakistan and Mr Modi is seen as an uncompromising hardliner on issues of national security. But his huge election victory also gives him the political capital to reach out to difficult neighbours, including Pakistan, in a way his predecessor Manmohan Singh could not, weakened by graft scandals and public discontent at home.
After his own election last year, Mr Sharif's administration had also suggested that the Indian prime minister be invited to attend the ceremony, but Dr Singh declined.
Mr Sharif is known to have faced resistance from hardliners at home, notably within the armed forces, over his more dovish stance toward India. He may not attend the ceremony but send a representative instead, Indian television channel CNN-IBN said, citing unnamed sources.
"We are of the view that the highest priority should go for reviving the economy," said Mr Subramanian Swamy, chairman of the BJP's strategic action committee. "Which means that we would like to avoid any destabilising events and therefore would be quite keen to talk it out in case there's a misunderstanding."
Over the past few weeks, representatives from India and Pakistan have been in touch both on the official track as well as backchannels, as Mr Modi emerged as the election front-runner.
Pakistan's high commissioner, Abdul Basit, has been meeting BJP members to convey his country's willingness to engage meaningfully with India's new government, the Economic Times reported, citing unnamed government sources in Pakistan.
Mr Jitendra Kumar, an associate of Mr Modi's from the Hindu parent body Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, said he visited Pakistan last month to meet Mr Sharif's foreign affairs adviser, Sartaj Aziz.
Mr Kumar, an energy consultant in the United States, said he had frank discussions with the leaders of Pakistan. "I seriously believe that Pakistan is interested in improving relations with India," he said.
"The Pakistanis are very sincere... My expectation is that things will improve. (Modi) is a good administrator."