Vietnam picks former legislator as new PM

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc being sworn in at Parliament House in Hanoi yesterday.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc being sworn in at Parliament House in Hanoi yesterday.PHOTO: AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

HANOI • Vietnam's Parliament approved a new prime minister yesterday, handing former bureaucrat and legislator Nguyen Xuan Phuc the challenge of maintaining the momentum of one of Asia's fastest-growing economies.

Mr Phuc rises from the deputy prime minister post to lead a government committed to overhauling its troubled state sector and broad reforms under the United States-led Trans-Pacific Partnership, a major trade pact.

The 61-year-old completes the trio of core leaders of a youthful country hooked on social media, and growing in its awareness of politics and Vietnam's complex ties with China and the United States.

Mr Phuc has some big shoes to fill, taking over from Mr Nguyen Tan Dung, a reformist whose decisiveness won him broad support but, say experts, saw him sidelined by conservatives concerned he would become too powerful.

Vietnam is officially ruled by consensus, with key decisions made by the Communist Party's elite politburo. Mr Dung had served a maximum two terms and is no longer a politburo member, although key policymakers from his government are among the new 19-member body.

"Phuc certainly will be lower key than the hard-charging Dung," said Mr Murray Hiebert, a South-east Asia specialist at Washington's Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

"We should expect him to operate within the consensus of the ruling politburo. He will have seen the impact on Dung of his more flamboyant, independent style," Mr Hiebert said.

Mr Dung has left a mixed legacy, with critics blaming him for widespread corruption and inefficiency in the sprawling state-run sector.

Communist Party veteran Tran Tuan Hung, 76, told Agence France-Presse: "It will be very difficult for (Phuc) to overcome the economic difficulties left by the government of Nguyen Tan Dung."

Mr Phuc was the only candidate chosen at the party's January congress. His appointment for a five-year term was approved by 475 out of 480 lawmakers present.

He is from the central province of Quang Nam and his expertise is management and economics. He held key posts in local politics and on legislative committees, and was once head of planning and investment in Danang, Vietnam's third-biggest city.

Mr Phuc becomes part of a new triumvirate with party chief Nguyen Phu Trong and President Tran Dai Quang, who was endorsed last week.

Addressing the assembly, Mr Phuc pledged to achieve targets for the economy, which grew 6.7 per cent last year, tackle graft, improve the investment climate and fight to protect Vietnam's sovereignty.

Mr Hiebert said Mr Phuc will initially have a lower international profile than Mr Dung, who stood up to China's assertiveness in the South China Sea and sought tighter US ties.

"Phuc will recognise that there is broad consensus in Vietnam not to let Beijing push Hanoi around and hedge ties with China through closer relations with Washington," he said.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on April 08, 2016, with the headline 'Vietnam picks former legislator as new PM'. Subscribe