Thai junta reaffirms will hand back power in 2017, entering second phase of reforms

Thai prime minister and junta leader Prayut Chan-o-cha reiterated  that the junta will hand back power in 2017.
Thai prime minister and junta leader Prayut Chan-o-cha reiterated that the junta will hand back power in 2017. PHOTO: AFP

BANGKOK (REUTERS) - Thai prime minister and junta leader Prayut Chan-o-cha gave a sweeping year-end speech on Wednesday (Dec 23) in which he reiterated that the junta will hand back power in 2017 and that it was entering "phase two" of its reform plan.

The junta, or National Council for Peace and Order, seized control in May 2014 and overthrew an elected government, putting an end to protests in Bangkok led by the middle classes and elites who wanted to get rid of the civilian government of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.

Since then, it has busied itself with drafting a new constitution and reforms which critics say are designed to limit the powers of political parties and neutralize those seen as loyal to controversial former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, Yingluck's brother who was ousted in 2006.

The junta has repeatedly delayed planned elections, claiming the country is not yet stable enough to hold a poll.

Prayut said the junta was sticking to its plan to hand back power in 2017.

"We have one year and six months left starting January 2016 to July 2017 and the government will lay the foundations for the things it did not do and if it cannot complete them they will be put in the reform plan," he said in a televised speech. "We are entering phase two now."

The military government, led by coup-maker Prayut, has stifled dissent and has gone hard after critics of the monarchy by using a harsh royal insult law to detain dozens of people, prompting stern criticism from rights groups, the United Nations and Western governments.

Nineteen months after the coup it is struggling to revive Thailand's export-dependent economy.

Despite announcing big-spending on large road and railway projects, domestic demand remains weak and record-high household debt is hurting Southeast Asia's second-largest economy.

The junta continues to wield wide-ranging powers under a special security measure that allows security forces to make arrests without court warrants and detain people without charge.

Prayut addressed accusations of rights abuses in his speech saying it was not his fault if dissenters violate the security order.

"The law says you can't do this and they still do it," said a visibly angry Prayuth. "Then they say I violate human rights."

Despite an order that bans public gatherings, open opposition to the junta has increased over the past year.

The coup was the latest chapter in more than a decade of conflict in Thailand with the country bitterly divided between supporters of Yingluck and Thaksin and the country's traditional royalist-military establishment.