Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners in Malaysia

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, flanked by Sabah Governor Juhar Mahiruddin (in yellow) and Sabah Chief Minister Mohamad Shafie Apdal, cutting a cake with Sarawak Deputy Chief Minister Amar Douglas Uggah Embas (red batik) during the Malaysia Day
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, flanked by Sabah Governor Juhar Mahiruddin (in yellow) and Sabah Chief Minister Mohamad Shafie Apdal, cutting a cake with Sarawak Deputy Chief Minister Amar Douglas Uggah Embas (red batik) during the Malaysia Day celebrations in Kota Kinabalu as Communications and Multimedia Minister Gobind Singh Deo looked on.PHOTO: BERNAMA

KOTA KINABALU • The status of Sabah and Sarawak as equal partners in the nation will be restored under the New Malaysia and Pakatan Harapan federal government, Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said yesterday.

Tun Dr Mahathir said this is part of the process that will be implemented once the review of the Malaysia Agreement 1963 (MA63) has been completed.

In the past, Sabah, Sarawak, Singapore and the Federation of Malaya had agreed to form a bigger family called Malaysia, said Dr Mahathir.

"During the formation of Malaysia on Sept 16, 1963, in the agreement that we call MA63, the four regions merged as equal partners.

"However, Malaysia has gone through a winding course since then and two years after its formation, Singapore exited.

"The years that followed also changed the status of Sabah and Sarawak from equal partners to states within Malaysia.

"The New Malaysia and the Pakatan government is aware of this and will restore the status of equal partners to Sabah and Sarawak," Dr Mahathir said at the Malaysia Day celebrations at Padang Merdeka in Kota Kinabalu yesterday.

He said the restoration of the status of Sabah and Sarawak as outlined in the MA63 would provide a solid foundation to strengthen the relationship between Sabah, Sarawak and peninsular Malaysia.

 
 
 

"The development needs of Sabah and Sarawak need to be given attention as there are still districts that are backwards and with poor infrastructure.

"The study on MA63 will also surely give rise to the need to review several things that were previously implemented.

"Our hope is that the reviews will be done with the spirit of loyalty, mutual respect and high tolerance amongst us," he said.

The move is part of Pakatan's promise to restore lost rights under MA63.

Under the original Schedule 1(2) of the Constitution following the formation of Malaysia in 1963, Dr Mahathir said, the states of the federation would be the Federation of Malaya (with the names of the 11 states of Malaya placed in brackets), Singapore and the Borneo states of Sabah and Sarawak.

In 1976, the Constitution was amended to downgrade Sabah and Sarawak as the 12th and 13th states of Malaysia.

"The Pakatan federal government will surely not forget its duties to Sabah and Sarawak and will find a way to develop the infrastructure according to the people's needs and demands," Dr Mahathir added.

THE STAR/ASIA NEWS NETWORK

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on September 17, 2018, with the headline 'Sabah, Sarawak to be restored as equal partners in Malaysia'. Print Edition | Subscribe