Rally in Yangon to support changes to Constitution

Tensions up as NLD seeks changes to charter that enshrines military's role in politics

YANGON • Thousands of people rallied in Myanmar's commercial capital yesterday in support of constitutional reform, amid mounting tension between the ruling party and the military over changes to the charter that enshrines the army's role in politics.

Protesters gathered in the centre of Yangon to hear speeches by veteran democracy activists while singers led the crowd in chants of "take a rest, military dictatorship", in the second demonstration in the city in a week.

Nobel Peace Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) party launched a surprise bid in January to change the Constitution, pushing through Parliament a proposal to form a committee to devise amendments despite objections from military-aligned lawmakers.

The proposal was Ms Suu Kyi's biggest challenge to the army's power in nearly three years, and sparked a protest in the legislature from green-clad military appointees, who stood in silence for several minutes to show their opposition.

The proposal was later approved by Parliament, where the ruling NLD commands a large majority.

One of the organisers of yesterday's protest, Mr Yin Htwe, said: "We are demonstrating to support the constitutional amendments committee.

"We are on the side of the people."

Under the Constitution, the military is guaranteed a quarter of the seats in Parliament and any change requires a vote of more than 75 per cent of members, giving the army an effective veto.

During a press conference last Saturday, a spokesman for the army accused the NLD of using the "wrong procedure" to amend the 2008 charter, which it drafted during military rule.

"Forming the joint committee to amend the Constitution is not in line with the Constitution," said Major-General Tun Tun Nyi, adding, however, that army lawmakers would participate in the exercise.

Under the Constitution, the military is guaranteed a quarter of the seats in Parliament and any change requires a vote of more than 75 per cent of members, giving the army an effective veto.

It also blocks Ms Suu Kyi from becoming president, with a prohibition on presidential candidates with foreign spouses or children.

 
 
 

Ms Suu Kyi has two sons with her late husband Michael Aris, a British academic.

For nearly three years, she has ruled from "above the president" by creating a new position of state counsellor.

The charter also gives the military control of ministries responsible for security, including defence and home affairs.

The NLD has not said what provisions of the Constitution it might seek to reform.

In the past, some members of the party have called for a change to Article 436, which gives the military an effective veto over constitutional reform.

Mr Thein Tun and his wife, Ms Khin Khin Win, were among the crowd of protesters yesterday. The 73-year-old man said: "I want to change all the sections which disturb the current government's work."

His wife added: "It is important, and for the good of the country."

REUTERS

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on February 28, 2019, with the headline 'Rally in Yangon to support changes to Constitution'. Print Edition | Subscribe