ISLAMABAD (AFP) - Following years of public outcry and campaigning by American popstar Cher, the "world's loneliest elephant" was poised on Sunday (Nov 29) to embark on a mammoth journey from Pakistan to a sanctuary in Cambodia.
The famed singer and Oscar-winning actress has spent recent days at the Islamabad zoo to provide moral support to Kaavan - an overweight, 35-year-old bull elephant - whose pitiful treatment at the dilapidated facility sparked an uproar from animal rights groups and a spirited social media campaign by Cher.
Kaavan's case and the woeful conditions at the zoo resulted in a judge this year ordering all the animals to be moved.
"Thanks to Cher and also to local Pakistani activists, Kaavan's fate made headlines around the globe and this contributed to the facilitation of his transfer," said Mr Martin Bauer, a spokesman for Four Paws International, an animal welfare group that has spearheaded the relocation effort.
Cher "has quite a big platform so we have really appreciated what she has done for Kaavan since 2016", he added.
Dubbed by the press as the world's loneliest elephant, Kaavan is the only Asian elephant in Pakistan - the tiny number of other pachyderms at other zoos are African.
Cher recently arrived in the Pakistani capital to see the elephant before the long journey to a 10,000ha Cambodian wildlife sanctuary, with Prime Minister Imran Khan personally thanking the 74-year-old star.
She was due to fly to Cambodia on Sunday (Nov 29) to be in the South-east Asian nation when the elephant arrives.
A team of vets and experts from Four Paws have spent months working with Kaavan to get him ready for the trip to Cambodia, which has included training the elephant to enter a massive metal transport crate that will be placed in a cargo plane for the seven-hour flight.
Zoo officials have in the past denied that Kaavan was kept in substandard conditions or chained, claiming instead the creature was pining for a new mate after his partner died in 2012.
But Kaavan's behaviour - including signs of distress such as continual head-bobbing - raised concerns of mental illness.
Activists also said that Kaavan was not properly sheltered from Islamabad's searing summer temperatures.
Kaavan's mate Saheli, who also arrived from Sri Lanka, died in 2012.
Rights groups and conservationists have said that the abysmal conditions at the Islamabad zoo resulted in part from the lack of legislation in Pakistan aimed at protecting animal welfare.
"There's a lot of improvement to be made," said Mr Rab Nawaz with the World Wildlife Federation in Pakistan.
"Kaavan is just one animal. There's lots of animals in Pakistan... which are in miserable conditions."