MANILA • The Philippines yesterday ordered the closure or suspension of more than two dozen mines after a government investigation found the miners had illegally cut down trees and polluted rivers.
Most of the mines targeted by the order produce nickel and account for half of the Philippines' world-beating exports of the raw material used to make steel.
Environment Secretary Gina Lopez, a staunch mining critic, said 23 mines had been told to close after illegally encroaching on watersheds, leaking waste into rivers and destroying trees.
A further five mines have been ordered to suspend their operations while the decision on another mine has been deferred.
"The decision on the watersheds is non-negotiable. You cannot and should not and must not endanger the water supply of the Filipino," Ms Lopez told reporters, showing photos of silted rivers and bare mountains.
"No amount of money warrants the life of the Filipino. I don't care. That's water."
President Rodrigo Duterte threw his support behind Ms Lopez's crackdown, saying: "She (has) pro-people, pro-poor policies."
The Philippines is the world's top supplier of nickel ore and the main exporter to China. The move is expected to fuel a rally in global prices.
In 2015, the Philippines produced about 24 per cent of the nickel used worldwide, according to Morgan Stanley.
The closures and suspensions were the result of a government audit started in July last year after Mr Duterte was swept to power.
The Chamber of Mines of the Philippines, an industry group, warned that the decision would hurt the country's nickel production and could discourage investment in the industry.
It also accused Ms Lopez of not giving miners an opportunity to address the audit findings.
The move risked "sending signals out to the market and to mining investors that they are not welcome here", said Mr Ronald Recidoro, the chamber's vice-president for legal and policy affairs.
Mining stocks fell on Ms Lopez's announcement, including Nickel Asia, one of the world's largest nickel producers, which dipped by 0.58 per cent to 6.81 pesos, up slightly from an intra-day low of 6.61 pesos.