PETALING JAYA (THE STAR/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - The 14th general election is likely to be held between April and mid-May, with the window to call for polls this year practically slammed shut.
The ruling Barisan Nasional coalition's five-year term ends on June 24 next year, and an election must be held within 60 days following the dissolution of the Dewan Rakyat.
It is anyone's guess when Prime Minister Najib Razak will seek the dissolution of Parliament, but much of the speculation has been about dissolution after Chinese New Year in February with polls in March.
There is even a WhatsApp message going around claiming that the dissolution will be on Thursday.
Professor Shaharuddin Badaruddin of Universiti Selangor said it is not likely that polls can be held this year.
"Even if the Prime Minister dissolves Parliament tomorrow, it normally takes between three weeks and about a month for polling to be held.
"This would mean polling will be in mid-December, right in the middle of monsoon season when floods often occur in the east coast states in the peninsula," he said.
Shaharuddin added that January would be a busy time for parents settling in their children for the new school term, followed by Chinese New Year which falls on Feb 16.
Professor Sivamurugan Pandian from Universiti Sains Malaysia expects GE14 to be held some time between April and the start of Ramadan.
"I feel it will more likely be in April as this will allow Najib to give a full report card of his successes after completing nine years as Prime Minister," he said.
Datuk Seri Najib was appointed as the country's leader on April 3, 2009.
Sources said elections after May would be cutting it too close to the start of fasting followed by Hari Raya Aidilfitri in June.
Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim is unlikely to be released from prison in time for the election campaign.
On Feb 10, 2015, the Federal Court rejected Anwar's appeal against his conviction and five-year jail term imposed by the Court of Appeal on March 7, the previous year for sodomy.
Anwar's lawyer Latheefa Koya said that even with an expected one-third remission of his jail term for good behaviour, he is expected to be freed on June 9 next year.
Despite the window, analysts point out that there have been cases where Parliament was dissolved unexpectedly.
Two examples are in 1999 when polling was on Nov 29 during monsoon season, and in 2008 when Parliament was dissolved on Feb 13, six days after Chinese New Year.
Wanita Umno chief Tan Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil said the Prime Minister has given no hint so far on when the elections would be held.
"Each time we ask him, he would just smile and ask us if we are ready. He has told us to be ready any time," she added.
Asked on the window of opportunity next year, Barisan strategic communications director Abdul Rahman Dahlan said it is speculation.
"The election obviously cannot be held during the monsoon so the window to have it this year is closing shut," he said.
Datuk Seri Abdul Rahman said Najib, who is Barisan chairman, will decide on a date to seek the dissolution of Parliament after taking into account many factors and after consultation with the coalition's component party leaders.
"We, as the Government, have done our best, and we feel support by the people increasing.
"The people believe in our economic policies and vision for Malaysia which is doable and practical compared to what the Opposition is promising," said Abdul Rahman, who is also Minister in the Prime Minister's Department.
Amanah communication director Khalid Samad, meanwhile, said the Prime Minister should call for an election as soon as possible.
"The Opposition is getting more organised, the price of oil is increasing and his popularity is not going up, this would be the best time for him," said Khalid.
Muslim-based Parti Amanah Negara is formed by a group of disgruntled politicians from Parti Islam seMalaysia (PAS).
Selangor PAS commissioner Sallehen Mukhyi believes the polls would be held from March onwards.
He said this was because the redelineation exercise would have been completed with new constituency borders approved by Parliament.
"The redelineation exercise will be very advantageous for the ruling coalition and they want that completed before the polls," he said.
Sallehen also brushed aside talk that the election may be held in December this year.
"I don't think it will be held in December due to the rainy weather and floods," he said.