KUALA LUMPUR • China's investors in Malaysia will face more scrutiny if former prime minister Mahathir Mohamad wins back power in the upcoming elections.
Tun Dr Mahathir, the opposition's candidate for prime minister, said in an interview last Friday that Chinese investment was welcome if companies set up operations in Malaysia, employed locals and brought in capital and technology to the country. This was not the case now, he said.
"Here, we gain nothing from the investment," Dr Mahathir, 92, said in his office in Kuala Lumpur. "We don't welcome that."
Dr Mahathir's comments reflect broader concerns about Chinese investments across Asia that have stoked political tensions from Australia to Sri Lanka. While many countries are eager to benefit from President Xi Jinping's plan to facilitate hundreds of billions of dollars in infrastructure investment throughout the world, they are also wary of becoming too dependent on China.
In Malaysia, Chinese investment has raised concerns over sovereignty and economic inequality. Dr Mahathir referenced plans by Country Garden Holdings to invest US$100 billion (S$131 billion) in Johor to build apartments costing upwards of RM1 million (S$340,000). The median annual income in Malaysia was RM62,736 in 2016.
"We don't have enough people with wealth to buy all those very expensive flats, so you're bringing in foreigners," Dr Mahathir said. "No country wants to have an influx of huge numbers of foreign people into their country."
Prime Minister Najib Razak, who is seeking to extend his premiership to a third term in the general election, has dismissed the opposition's concerns about Chinese investment as "irresponsible politicians' scare-mongering". A spokesman did not immediately respond to a request for comments.
"Remember that Malaysian investment in China used to be bigger than Chinese investment in Malaysia, and that we have more Malaysian investments overseas than foreign direct investment (FDI) in this country," Datuk Seri Najib said at the Invest Malaysia 2018 conference in Kuala Lumpur in January. "So this is a two-way street. FDI levels vary over time, and such connections are part of, and key to, a healthy and diversified economy."
China is Malaysia's top source of FDI, contributing 7 per cent of the total RM54.7 billion it received last year.
Dr Mahathir cited Sri Lanka as a country that "lost a lot of land" because it could not pay back money from China. Last year, the Sri Lankan government gave a joint venture led by a Chinese state-run company a 99-year lease to the southern port of Hambantota in return for debt relief.
"Lots of people don't like Chinese investments," Dr Mahathir said. "We are for Malaysians. We want to defend the rights of Malaysians. We don't want to sell chunks of this country to foreign companies which will develop whole towns."
The Election Commission has yet to announce a date for the vote, which must be held in the next two months. Dr Mahathir has vowed to fight a ban on campaigning issued by the government after his party, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia, failed to supply some information and documents.
The opposition coalition, Pakatan Harapan, pledged in its election manifesto to encourage continued investment from "China and other Asian countries". This would be done only after reviewing all foreign mega-projects to ensure there was no element of corruption, the manifesto said.
Projects include the East Coast Rail Link, with an estimated cost of RM55 billion, Dr Mahathir revealed in a forum last Thursday in Selangor. He said a Pakatan Harapan government would renegotiate the project, possibly seeking to reduce the 688km line unless there was enough demand. The project is slated for completion in 2024.