BANGKOK (BLOOMBERG) - Thailand will extend a state of emergency through October as the tourism-dependent nation gears up for the reopening of borders to foreign visitors after a six-month gap, while maintaining its relative success in containing local transmission of the coronavirus.
The national Covid-19 task force chaired by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on Monday (Sept 28) approved the extension of emergency rules through Oct 31, according to Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-Ngam.
The panel also approved special tourist visas for foreign tourists starting next month, Tourism and Sports Minister Phiphat Ratchakitprakarn said in Bangkok.
The one-month extension, when approved by the Cabinet on Tuesday, would be the sixth since the initial order in March.
The emergency rules allow the government to enforce mandatory quarantines and streamline disease-control plans without multiple approvals from various agencies. The measures were set to end on Sept 30.
Thailand has managed to control the coronavirus outbreak quickly, and was able to gradually restart most parts of its economy since May.
It has so far reported just over 3,500 cases and 59 deaths, and the majority of its recent cases were found in state quarantine. But its economy, which is also reliant on manufacturing, is on track for its worst contraction on record as the pandemic disrupted international trade and travel.
The first lot of foreign tourists – 150 Chinese nationals – will arrive in a charter flight from Guangzhou at Phuket on Oct 8, minister Phiphat said.
They will be followed by another Chinese group on Oct 25 and the first European visitors early November, he said.
"Many people want to come to Thailand because we can control the outbreak well," Mr Prayuth said. "We have to reopen so the economy can go forward. If we don’t do anything, it’ll be bad all around."
The limited number of visas to foreign visitors is aimed at testing the nation's readiness for a wider tourism reopening in the coming months as part of its efforts to boost the ailing sector.
The government wants some foreign visitors to return because they made up two-thirds of the country's tourism receipts before the pandemic, and many businesses are struggling to survive a long period without foreign visitors.
The South-east Asian nation is trying to strike a balance between minimising risks of infections and reopening for foreign visitors who could help rescue its economy.
Foreigners who wish to visit the country will need to seek a special visa, get tested for Covid-19 before departure, and agree to more tests and a quarantine upon arrival.
Mr Prayuth said authorities were fully prepared to carry out contact tracing in the event of a fresh outbreak and the nation’s healthcare system was prepared to handle new cases.
Thailand has reported only two local infections since the end of May, official data show.
While the government said that there's some interest from groups to want to stay in the country long term, critics said the programme might be too costly for many visitors, who need to pay for health insurance that can cover at least US$100,000 (S$137,668) in Thailand, a hotel quarantine, and charter or private flights.
Tourism is an important part of the Thai economy, contributing to about one-fifth of its gross domestic product. The pandemic has devastated the industry, which provided more than US$60 billion in revenue from about 40 million foreign visitors in 2019.