Committee to draft new Constitution for Thailand

Mr Meechai Ruchupan, an adviser to the junta, is heading the committee drafting Thailand's new Charter.
Mr Meechai Ruchupan, an adviser to the junta, is heading the committee drafting Thailand's new Charter.PHOTO: REUTERS

BANGKOK • Thailand's military government, which took power in May last year, yesterday appointed a committee to draft the country's 20th Constitution after a previous draft was rejected, delaying promised elections until at least 2017.

The junta-appointed legislature dismissed the military-backed Constitution last month after it faced strong opposition from almost all sides of the political divide, in effect playing into the military's hands by prolonging army rule.

A major point of contention was the creation of a National Committee on Reform and Reconciliation Strategy that would be dominated by the military, allowing it to exercise power over the executive and legislative branches in a vaguely defined "crisis" situation.

The new, 21-member committee has six months to write another draft, which will need approval by the legislature. The Charter will also be put to a referendum, something that would delay elections until at least 2017, said Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-ngam.

The committee, made up of lawyers, academics, civil servants and military types, will start work immediately.

The military took power in a May 2014 coup after months of political unrest. The junta scrapped the Constitution and set about writing one that critics say was aimed at consolidating the army's already-sweeping powers.

Mr Kan Yuenyong, an analyst at Siam Intelligence Unit think-tank, said the junta's aim of a Constitution that gives the military overarching powers remained unchanged.

"At the end of the day, the junta has the same aims it did before, namely, it believes the political system doesn't work and they need an umbrella organisation to oversee the country and to weaken the electoral process. But how they will do that and make it more palatable to people remains to be seen," he said.

Mr Meechai Ruchupan, an adviser to the junta, is heading the new committee.

Mr Meechai led a junta-appointed panel that drafted the 2006 Constitution, dubbed the "anti-Thaksin" Charter because it appeared aimed at preventing the return of ousted former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra.

Thaksin was deposed in a 2006 coup after being accused of corruption. His sister, Yingluck, who became prime minister following the 2011 general election, was removed from power in May last year after a court found her guilty of abuse of power. Days later, the army staged a coup, ending months of street protests in Bangkok.


A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Straits Times on October 06, 2015, with the headline 'Committee to draft new Constitution for Thailand'. Subscribe