KUALA LUMPUR • Malaysia is unlikely to meet earlier targets it set for a balanced Budget by 2020 and will need another two to three years to reach the goal, the country's second finance minister has said.
The shift in the Budget target follows comments by ratings agencies late last year that the South-east Asian economy might struggle to meet its objectives in the stated timeframe due to a run-up in spending.
"I don't think by 2020 (the government) can achieve a balanced Budget because if you do that, basically you will squeeze economic development," Second Finance Minister Johari Abdul Ghani said yesterday at a conference, adding that the government will have to spend in order to stimulate the economy.
"We will try to extend it to 2022-2023," he said.
He reiterated projections stated previously that the fiscal deficit will be reduced to 2.8 per cent of gross domestic product this year from 3 per cent last year.
Prime Minister Najib Razak has been able to lower Malaysia's fiscal deficit every year since taking power in 2009, and that has been significant in maintaining its investment-grade sovereign credit ratings. However, some analysts are concerned the increase in government spending will hinder the pace of deficit reduction going forward.
Datuk Seri Najib, under pressure to shore up his government's popularity, unveiled in October a Budget aimed at winning votes in a national election that must be held by August this year.
He announced a spending increase of 7.5 per cent for 2018 from last year, and said the government plans to cut personal income tax for lower-income citizens, pay more to pensioners and spend billions on schools, hospitals and rural infrastructure.
Following the 2018 Budget announcement, ratings agency Moody's said it does not expect Malaysia to achieve the balanced Budget target by 2020. Rising spending in the run-up to the elections and lack of revenue reforms slowed the pace of deficit reduction, it said.
Fitch, however, said in October that Malaysia's 2020 target would "require a step-up in consolidation efforts in 2019 and 2020, but is not unattainable".
Malaysia's economy expanded at its fastest pace in more than three years in the third quarter of 2017, a turnaround from 2016 when low oil prices hurt.