PHNOM PENH • A raid by Cambodian authorities on an illegal surrogacy business in Phnom Penh uncovered 33 women paid to deliver babies for Chinese couples, police said yesterday.
Five people, including a Chinese national, were arrested during the operation in the capital late last Friday, said Mr Keo Thea, head of the Phnom Penh anti-trafficking unit.
"We found 33 surrogate mothers, some have already given birth, some are still pregnant," he said, adding that the women had been offered up to US$10,000 (S$13,600) to give birth for Chinese clients.
China's easing of its one-child policy two years ago has produced booming demand for fertility clinics, with figures estimating that 90 million women became eligible for another child after the rule was phased out. But surrogacy is illegal in China, forcing those who want and can afford it to look for options abroad.
South-east Asia was long a popular international surrogacy destination, with cheap medical costs, a large pool of poor young women and no laws excluding gay couples or single parents.
But in recent years countries in the region have cracked down on the trade, following a series of scandals and criticism that the business exploited poor women.
Estimated number of women who became eligible for another child after China eased its one-child policy two years ago.
Cambodia banned the practice in 2016 after prospective parents turned to the impoverished country in the wake of a ban in neighbouring Thailand the year before.
An Australian nurse jailed for 18 months for running a surrogacy clinic in Cambodia had her sentence upheld in January in a prominent case highlighting the country's role in the trade.
"This is another case of surrogacy despite it being banned," said Mr Keo Thea, adding that the women would be sent to the Social Affairs Department pending a probe, while the five suspects will appear before a judge tomorrow.