GOVINDGHAT, India (AFP) - Rescue operations intensified on Sunday in northern India, where up to 1,000 people are feared to have died in landslides and flash floods that have also left pilgrims and tourists stranded without food or water for days.
So far 557 bodies have been found after torrential rains struck the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand on June 15, flooding the Ganges river and devastating the region known as the Land of the Gods for its revered Hindu shrines.
Some 15,000 people were still stranded in remote areas with the full extent of the loss of life only likely to emerge after floodwaters recede and rescue workers reach isolated areas, officials said.
"The death toll could be more than 750 - maybe around 1,000," Uttarakhand Chief Minister Vijay Bahuguna said in the state capital Dehradun.
In Govindghat, a small town on the route to the Sikh holy site of Hemkund, army personnel built temporary bridges by stringing ropes across river banks to help civilians cross safely, an Agence France-Presse reporter at the scene said.
In a huge relief to distraught relatives waiting for news on their loved ones, nearly 6,000 people were rescued by the ground and air force personnel braving rough weather and inhospitable terrain.
"550 people who were left stranded in Jungle Chatti area have been evacuated. We have also steered to safety another 2,500 people from Badrinath," rescue officials said in Dehradun.
Raging rivers have swept away houses, buildings and entire villages in the state, which was packed with travellers in what is a peak tourist season.
Dozens of helicopters and thousands of soldiers have been deployed to help those trapped across the state, including many residents whose houses have been damaged.
Around 120 bodies have been recovered from the Kedarnath temple complex and more were feared to be lying in a nearby jungle where tourists took refuge after hotels and other buildings collapsed in the deluge.
Ms Nishi Shrivastava, 30, recounted with horror how she had to virtually "navigate" among dead bodies strewn near the Kedarnath temple site.
"Bodies were lying everywhere. It was worse than a nightmare. I had lost all hope of seeing my family members again," she told AFP before boarding a bus in Dehradun to go back home to Agra in neighbouring Uttar Pradesh state.
Air relief operations resumed in the areas of Harsil and Dharasu after being suspended on Sunday morning due to rain and overcast conditions, Indian Air Force spokesman Priya Joshi told AFP.
For thousands of stranded people, it has been a grim battle of survival against the odds, an army rescue worker who did not want to be named told AFP.
"They have been stuck for more than five days without food or water. Temperatures have been dipping sharply in the night but they do not have any shelter," he said.
Some survivors complained they had been exploited by locals eager to profit from their misery.
Mr Shri Purushottam, a 50-year-old from Maharashtra state, cried inconsolably as he recalled the moments when his 10-year-old son lay lifeless in his arms.
"He died of sheer hunger and thirst. I kept pleading for help. Some villagers said they could arrange for him to be air-lifted if I gave them 35,000 rupees (S$754).
"I agreed but they took my son away and abandoned him later on," he told AFP.
The disaster relief force meanwhile deployed unmanned drones to locate survivors in remote areas that remained inaccessible.
TV images also showed paratroopers using ropes to descend from military choppers to assist in rescue operations.
Special trains and buses have been pressed into service to bring tourists home while medical and food supplies were being flown to stranded people.
State officials said on Sunday nearly 80,000 people had been evacuated so far from the flood-devastated regions.
India's government has already announced a US$170 million (S$217 million) relief package for victims and the United States announced on Sunday that it would provide US$150,000 in aid.
"We are deeply saddened by the tremendous personal loss and the damage" to houses and infrastructure, US Ambassador Nancy Powell said as US Secretary of State John Kerry began a visit to New Delhi.
The monsoon, which covers the subcontinent from June to September, usually brings some flooding. But the heavy rains arrived early this year, catching many by surprise and exposing a lack of preparedness.
Floods and landslides from monsoon rains have also struck neighbouring Nepal, leaving at least 39 people dead, according to the government in Kathmandu.