The burst of Japan's bubble economy in the 1990s scuppered a grand plan by the Chiba prefectural government to develop the Makuhari area, reclaimed from Tokyo Bay, into a business, commercial and residential hub.
Although it is now an up-and-coming district which hosts the annual Tokyo Game Show and Summer Sonic music festival, as well as Japan's second largest convention centre, there was one big white elephant: a 3.1km-long tunnel completed in 1995 to house water pipes and electrical cables.
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