TAIPEI - Taiwan saw a record number of Chinese military air incursions in August, with more than 440 warplanes entering its air defence zone as Beijing raged against visits to the democratic island by United States lawmakers.
China sees the island as part of its territory to be reclaimed one day, by force if necessary. Taiwan says only its 23 million residents can decide its future.
August saw a dramatic spike in incursions into Taiwan's air defence identification zone (ADIZ) as Beijing staged unprecedented military drills to protest visits to Taipei by US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and other politicians.
China's Communist Party lashes out at any diplomatic action that might lend Taiwan legitimacy and has responded with growing anger to visits by Western officials and politicians.
For a week after Mrs Pelosi's visit in early August, China sent warships, missiles and fighter jets into the waters and skies around Taiwan, its largest and most aggressive exercises since the mid-1990s.
Last month, 446 Chinese aircraft - mostly fighter jets - crossed into Taiwan's ADIZ, according to a database compiled by AFP based on figures released by Taipei's defence ministry.
That monthly total alone was more than the 380 sorties Chinese planes carried out for the whole of 2020.
So far this year Chinese planes have made at least 1,068 individual incursions into the ADIZ, surpassing 2021's total of 969.
Prior to August, the previous busiest month for incursions since Taiwan started regularly publicising such data two years ago was October of 2021, with 196.
Taiwan's ADIZ is much larger than its airspace. It overlaps with part of China's ADIZ and even includes some of the mainland.
Beijing's sabre-rattling has grown more pronounced under President Xi Jinping.
The increased activity puts further stress on Taiwan's outgunned military, especially its ageing fleet of fighter jets.
Last week Taiwan announced plans for a record hike in next year's defence budget to NT$586.3 billion (S$27 billion) in the wake of growing Chinese military threats.
Historically, Taiwan's military has favoured big-ticket purchases like fighter jets and warships.
But American and Taiwanese strategists have increasingly pushed Taipei to adopt a "porcupine" strategy of asymmetric warfare and comparatively cheaper mobile weapon systems that would make any invasion hugely costly. AFP