South Korean public divided: Some want President Moon Jae-in and Justice Minister out, others support them

Supporters of South Korea's Justice Minister Cho Kuk rally in Seoul on Oct 12, 2019. PHOTO: NYTIMES

SEOUL - A trio of housewives are upset with South Korean President Moon Jae-in. They want him ousted, arguing that he deceived the people with promises of fairness and justice, but in reality, is condoning the wrongdoings of an unfit Justice Minister.

Madam Gong Hye-gyeong, together with friends Song Sun-hyo and Lee Jeong-sook, were among the tens of thousands of people at an anti-government rally last Wednesday (Oct 9) at Gwanghwamun Plaza, calling for the resignation of both Mr Moon and Justice Minister Cho Kuk.

"The president has failed us and he doesn't listen to the truth," Mdm Gong, 60, told The Straits Times. She had travelled two hours from her hometown in neighbouring Suwon city to join the rally in Seoul,

Mdm Song, in her mid 50s, chimed in: "I voted for Moon, but we were all deceived by him."

Three days later, another massive rally of a similar scale was held in front of the prosecutor's office in Seocho district.

This time, however, it was supporters of the government and Mr Cho who went out to have their voices heard. They called for support for Mr Cho and demanded for reforms to the prosecution promised by him.

The South Korean public is now divided, split by their political leanings and differing views of the new justice minister.

Mr Cho, 54, was a law professor at the prestigious Seoul National University before being tapped as the senior secretary for civil affairs and justice at the presidential Blue House.

He played an instrumental role formulating many key policies of the Moon administration, and is viewed as a potential candidate for the next presidential elections.

But he is now accused of corruption and abusing powers to gain personal benefits, like faking documents to enrol his daughter in elite schools, and investing his family wealth in a dubious fund.

South Korea's Justice Minister Cho Kuk is accused of corruption and abusing powers to gain personal benefits. PHOTO: EPA-EFE

Mr Moon, however, believed he is innocent and confirmed his appointment on Sept 9, a move that sparked the protests.

The opposing rallies so far have been largely peaceful, with a carnival-like mood as participants held placards and sang out their wishes.

But experts warn that the protests, if escalated, could lead to political chaos as the opposition embarks on a campaign to discredit Mr Moon and the ruling party ahead of the general elections due next April.

Halfway into Mr Moon's five-year term that started mid 2017, his approval rating has already halved and fallen to a low of 43 per cent, according to the latest survey by Gallup Korea.

People are unhappy with the bad economy, the lack of progress in ties with North Korea despite the issue being a key policy agenda, and diplomatic missteps such as ending a United States-backed pact to share military intelligence with Japan.

Mr Cho's confirmation was the last straw for many who question the Moon administration's policies.

Dr Tara O, a fellow from the Institute for Korean-American Studies, foresees that the anti-government protests will grow in scale.

"Moon went too far by pressing for Cho's appointment. When he came into office, he promised equality, justice and fairness. But nothing about Cho Kuk is equal, fair, or just," she told ST.

The prosecution has launched an investigation into Mr Cho's family, indicting his wife and raiding their house. His brother is also accused of receiving bribes and transferring his parents' fortune to his divorced wife via a paper company, to evade paying hefty inheritance tax.

Cho supporters, however, insist that the allegations are exaggerated by the opposition and sensationalised by the media. They also believe that he is the right person to reform the prosecution, which many decry as corrupt, abusing its powers, and even colluding with the rich and famous.

Instructor Go Seok-mi, 38, who joined last Saturday's rally supporting Mr Cho, said:

"Everything against Cho Kuk is just suspicion. Nothing is proven yet."

"The prosecution is not doing things right, and we, the public, need to correct it," she added.

Also at the rally were labourer Jeong Yeong-su, 58, and his daughter Yu-jeong, who travelled five hours from the southern port city Busan.

"I came here to make a cleaner and better world," said Ms Jeong, 28, a student. "The prosecution must be reformed, and I will come back again if they don't do it."

Supporters of Mr Cho believe that the prosecution is trying to bring him down so as to stop him from executing reforms.

Last week, Mr Cho announced some key reform measures, such as reducing the number of special investigative units and abolishing late-night and prolonged questioning of suspects.

He also promised to ensure that the reforms will not influence the probe into his family, although critics feel the measures will only benefit his family.

Former college professor Sunny Chun, 58, who joined the anti-Cho protest last week and claims to know Mr Cho personally, said the public wants a man of high moral standards to be the Justice Minister.

"Cho Kuk is not up to that moral standard," he said.

Additional reporting by Dami Shin

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