SEOUL (AFP) - South Korea on Wednesday (Nov 28) successfully conducted a rocket engine test launch, officials said, paving the way for the development of its own space launch vehicle.
Video footage showed the single-stage rocket, propelled by a liquid fuel engine, lift off from the Naro Space Centre on the southern coast and surge into the sky, trailing yellow and blue flames.
“The test vehicle was successfully launched,” Vice Science Minister Lee Jin-gyu told journalists, adding collected flight data showed the engine was functioning normally.
The rocket, weighing 52 tonnes and measuring 25.8m long, was fitted with a single engine with 75-tonne thrust, the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (Kari) said.
The engine, designed and developed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (Kari) as part of a US$1.8 billion (S$2.5 billion) project, will be used to propel the country's first indigenous three-stage launch vehicle - the Korea Space Launch Vehicle-2 (KSLV-2).
Engine combustion lasted for 151 seconds, surpassing an initial goal of 140 seconds, bringing the vehicle to an altitude of 75km before the engine stopped.
But it continued flying due to inertia, reaching a suborbital altitude of 209km, 319 seconds after lift-off.
It then splashed down into the ocean 429 kilometres southeast of the southern resort island of Jeju.
"This is a significant step forward in developing a launch vehicle with our own technology," a Kari spokesman said.
It is the first such launch in South Korea since 2013 when the country successfully put a small satellite into orbit following failures in 2009 and in 2010.
But the significance of the 2013 launch was widely discounted, as the launch vehicle had to rely on a Russia-developed engine for its first stage.
On its launch - scheduled for 2021 - KSLV-2 will use five of the newly developed engines, a bundle of four for the first stage and another one for the second stage.
Wednesday's test was deemed successful, as the engine combustion was maintained for over 140 seconds during the test launch, Yonhap said.
The KSLV-2 rocket, which will be South Korea's first space vehicle wholly designed and built by itself, will be used to place satellites into the Earth's orbit and for other commercial applications.