Some of the world's worst stampedes

Emergency responders at the scene of a crowd surge in which at least 146 people were killed and another 150 injured after they were crushed in a large Halloween crowd in Seoul. PHOTO: NYTIMES

SEOUL - At least 149 people were killed in a crush during a Halloween celebration in South Korea’s capital Seoul late on Saturday.

Here are some of the worst stampedes over the last three decades:

April 1989: Ninety-six people are killed and at least 200 injured in Britain’s worst sports disaster after a crowd surge crushes fans against barriers at an English FA Cup semi-final match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough stadium in Sheffield.

July 1990: A total of 1,426 pilgrims are crushed to death in Saudi Arabia’s al-Muaissem tunnel near the Muslim holy city of Mecca during Eid al-Adha – Islam’s most important feast – at the end of the annual haj pilgrimage.

May 1994: A stampede near Jamarat Bridge in Saudi Arabia during the haj pilgrimage kills 270 people in the area where pilgrims hurl stones at piles of rocks symbolising the devil.

April 1998: A total of 119 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

May 2001: In Ghana, at least 126 people are killed in a stampede at Accra’s main soccer stadium when police fire tear gas at rioting fans in one of Africa’s worst soccer disasters.

February 2004: A stampede kills 251 Muslim pilgrims in Saudi Arabia near Jamarat Bridge during the haj ritual “stoning of the devil”.

January 2005: At least 265 Hindu pilgrims are killed in a crush near a remote temple in India’s Maharashtra state.

August 2005: In Iraq, at least 1,005 people die when people stampede on a bridge over the Tigris river in Baghdad, panicked by rumours of a suicide bomber in the crowd.

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January 2006: A total of 362 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death at the eastern entrance of the Jamarat Bridge when pilgrims jostle to perform the haj stoning ritual.

August 2008: Rumours of a landslide trigger a stampede by pilgrims in India at Naina Devi temple in Himachal Pradesh state. At least 145 people die and more than 100 are injured.

September 2008: In India, 147 people are killed in a stampede at Chamunda temple, near the historic western town of Jodhpur.

July 2010: A stampede kills 19 people and injures 342 when people push through a tunnel at the Love Parade techno music festival in Duisburg, Germany.

November 2010: A stampede on a bridge in Cambodia’s capital Phnom Penh kills at least 350 people after thousands panic on the last day of a water festival.

January 2013: More than 230 people die after a fire breaks out at a nightclub in the southern Brazilian college town of Santa Maria, and a stampede crushes some of the victims and keeps others from fleeing the fumes and flames.

October 2013: Devotees crossing a long bridge towards a temple in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh panic when some railings break, triggering a stampede that kills 115.

September 2015: At least 717 Muslim pilgrims are killed and 863 injured in a crush during the haj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

April 2021: At least 44 people are crushed to death at an overcrowded religious bonfire festival in Israel in what medics said was a stampede.

November 2021: At least nine people are killed and scores injured in a crush at the opening night of rapper Travis Scott’s Astroworld music festival in Houston, Texas, triggered by a surge of fans pushing towards the stage.

January 2022: At least 12 Hindu pilgrims die and more than a dozen are injured in a stampede at the Mata Vaishno Devi shrine in Kashmir during events to mark the new year.

January 2022: A stampede at a church on the outskirts of Liberia’s capital Monrovia kills 29 people during an all-night worship event.

May 2022: At least 31 people die during a stampede at a church in Nigeria’s southern Rivers state, after people who turned up to receive food break through a gate.

October 2022: A stampede at a soccer stadium in Indonesia kills at least 125 people and injures more than 320 after police sought to quell violence on the pitch, the authorities said. REUTERS

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