SEOUL • South Korea has earmarked more than 295.1 billion won (S$363 million) to build new railways and roads in the North, an official said yesterday, as Seoul pushes ahead with cross-border projects despite international sanctions on Pyongyang.
The figure comes as Seoul and Washington follow increasingly divergent approaches to Pyongyang, with South Korea pursuing engagement while the United States insists pressure should be maintained until the North denuclearises.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in offered to help upgrade the North's outdated rail and road infrastructure and connect it with the South's in meetings this year with the North's leader Kim Jong Un.
Seoul plans to spend about 295.1 billion won on the schemes next year, an official at South Korea's Unification Ministry told reporters, with most of it - 186.4 billion won - given freely and 108.7 billion won in loans.
"It is an estimate for now... we will continue efforts, including policy coordination with the US, to carry out the projects agreed between the two Koreas without a hitch," said the official.
Security allies Seoul and Washington agreed last week to set up a new working group to co-ordinate policy amid growing concerns in the US over Mr Moon's approach.
The official's comments came as a lawmaker from the South accused Seoul of ignoring United Nations sanctions on the North.
How much Seoul plans to spend to help upgrade the North's outdated rail and road infrastructure and connect it with the South's next year.
"The US maintains the position that it would maintain maximum pressure until the North produces visible progress on denuclearisation and so does the international community including the EU," Mr Chung Byoung-gug told the JoongAng Ilbo newspaper.
"The budget allocation by our government may make it look like our government is undermining international coordination on sanctions on the North," he was quoted as saying.
The isolated, impoverished North Korea is under multiple sets of sanctions imposed over past nuclear and missile tests staged in violation of UN resolutions.
Lifting the measures - which ban much of its trade including coal exports - is a key demand of Pyongyang's in its ongoing denuclearisation talks with the US.
Mr Kim and Mr Donald Trump held a historic summit in June in Singapore and signed a vaguely worded deal on denuclearisation, but little progress has been made since then, with the two countries sparring over the exact meaning of the agreement.
Planned talks between US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and one of Mr Kim's right-hand men, Mr Kim Yong Chol, were also delayed this week.
Mr Moon, who advocates dialogue with the North to push it towards denuclearisation, has met Mr Kim three times so far this year and another summit is being planned in Seoul.