TOKYO/ENIWA (REUTERS, AFP) - Japanese jets conducted air manoeuvres with US bombers south-west of the Korean peninsula on Wednesday (Aug 16) as North Korea considered whether to fire missiles towards the US-administered territory of Guam.
The exercise in the East China Sea involved two US Air Force B-1B Lancer bombers flying from Andersen Air Force Base on the Pacific island of Guam and two Japanese F-15 jet fighters, Japan’s Air Self Defence Force said in a news release.
“These training flights with Japan demonstrate the solidarity and resolve we share with our allies to preserve peace and security in the Indo-Asia-Pacific,” the US Air Force said in an announcement.
The US aircraft, which were designed to carry nuclear bombs and later switched to conventional payloads, have flown several sorties in East Asia over recent weeks. In addition to air drills with Japanese fighters, the bombers have also exercised with South Korean aircraft.
Meanwhile on the same day some 300 Japanese and US military personnel carried out live-fire artillery training on the northern island of Hokkaido, officials said. The drill was part of the 19-day exercise Northern Viper 2017 exercise which began on Aug 10 and involves a total of 1,300 troops from Japan's Ground Self-Defence Force (GSDF) and 2,000 US Marines.
"It is the first joint exercise between the GSDF and US Marines in Hokkaido," a defence ministry spokesman said. The spokesman denied any link between the drill and recent regional tension over North Korea.
Reclusive North Korea has made no secret of its plan to develop a missile capable of firing a nuclear warhead at the United States to counter what it perceives as constant US threats of invasion. It has ignored warnings from the West and from its lone major ally, China, to halt its nuclear and missile tests which it conducts in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions.
North Korea regards the US exercises with South Korea and Japan as preparations to invade it. The exercises also upset China, which says they do nothing to ease tension.
On Wednesday, a senior Chinese military officer reiterated China’s position on the need to maintain peace and stability to the United States’ top general, chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford, China’s Defence Ministry said.
Song Puxuan, commander of China’s Northern Theatre Command, stressed to Dunford that the North Korean nuclear issue must be resolved politically through talks, the ministry added, without saying where the two met. The command is based in China’s north-eastern city of Shenyang and has responsibility for a swath of northern China, including the border with North Korea.
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has delayed a decision on firing missiles towards Guam and US officials have since taken a gentler tone, but tension in the region nonetheless remains high. The North Korean threats had prompted US President Donald Trump to say the US military was “locked and loaded” if North Korea acted unwisely.
Those words in turn prompted a warning from China for both sides to tone down the rhetoric.
North Korea has often threatened to attack the United States and its bases in the region and it is likely to be infuriated by the current manoeuvres and annual US-Japanese drills next week. In his first public appearance in about two weeks, Kim on Monday inspected the command of North Korea’s army, examining the plan to fire four missiles aimed at landing near Guam, the official KCNA news agency reported.
“He said that if the Yankees persist in their extremely dangerous reckless actions on the Korean peninsula and in its vicinity, testing the self-restraint of the DPRK, the latter will make an important decision as it already declared,” KCNA said. DPRK stands for the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, North Korea’s official name.
Wednesday’s air exercise took place close to Japanese-controlled islets in the East China Sea which are also claimed by China. The uninhabited territory is known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China.
While the United States has declined to take sides in the dispute over the tiny islands, it nonetheless has said it would defend them from attack under its security alliance with Japan.
Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, in a telephone conversation with Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s minister for foreign affairs, said tension on the Korean peninsula was showing some signs of easing but had not passed. The parties involved should “make a correct judgment and wise choice by taking a responsible attitude toward history and people”, Wang said, according to a statement on his ministry’s website.
Japan has deployed the Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) missile defence system in Shimane, Hiroshima and Kochi prefectures in western Japan, which North Korea had warned could be along its missiles' flight path.
It also deployed the system in nearby Ehime prefecture.
Meanwhile, the defence ministry said US Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft will join the Northern Viper drills starting on Friday despite growing concerns after a fatal crash off Australia earlier this month.
The MV-22 - a hybrid helicopter-turboprop - has two engines positioned on fixed wingtips that allow it to land and take off vertically.
The aircraft, which can travel much faster than a helicopter, has been involved in a series of deadly incidents, mostly in the United States.