HONG KONG (AFP) - Hong Kong's leader Leung Chun Ying declared an end to more than 11 weeks of sit-in protests by pro-democracy demonstrators after police on Monday cleared the last remaining camp and arrested a handful of peaceful protesters.
"Following the completion of clearance work in Causeway Bay Occupy area, the episode of illegal occupation activities for more than two months is over," Chief Executive Leung told reporters.
“Other than economic losses, I believe the greatest loss Hong Kong society has suffered is the damage to the rule of law by a small group of people,” he added.
A committed core of around a dozen demonstrators had staged a sit-in at the centre of the last site in the busy shopping district of Causeway Bay as police cut away barricades and tore down banners and shelters.
Seventeen people, from students to the elderly, were arrested without resisting, with some shouting “We will be back” and “Fight to the end”.
Trucks and cleaning teams moved in to remove the debris, and roads around the site which have been closed for weeks reopened. Police demolished the city’s main protest camp last week.
Activists calling for free leadership elections occupied major traffic arteries after China said in August that candidates for the city’s chief executive elections in 2017 would first be vetted by a loyalist committee. Campaigners said the move would ensure a Beijing loyalist in the leadership role.
Leung is vilified by protesters who cast him variously as a wolf and a vampire and have repeatedly asked for him to step down. But Beijing has backed his administration throughout the occupation.
“If we just talk about democracy without talking about the rule of law, it’s not real democracy but a state of no government,” Leung said.
'LET THEM ARREST ME'
Causeway Bay hosted the smallest of the three camps that sprang up in late September, paralysing sections of the city, as part of the student-led campaign for free leadership elections.
The main Admiralty camp which sprawled across a kilometre of multi-lane highway through the heart of the business district was cleared on Thursday.
Police cleared the other major protest site in the working-class commercial district of Mong Kok – scene of some of the most violent clashes since the campaign began – in late November.
Students who spearheaded the street protests were among the sit-in group in Causeway Bay Monday. They were joined by a 90-year-old campaigner surnamed Wong who sat on a chair by the barricades and was later led away by police, walking slowly using a cane. “I will let them arrest me,” he said. “We must do it regardless of whether we can achieve anything. We have to get back what they owe us.”
Those who were arrested were loaded onto a coach as supporters outside the cordon chanted “We want true universal suffrage!”.
A handful of protesters and around 30 tents remain near Hong Kong’s government complex, beside the former Admiralty site. Officials have said that site will also be cleared Monday afternoon.
Demonstrators feel their lengthy occupation has put the democracy movement on the map with Beijing and the local administration, after it saw tens of thousands of supporters on the streets at its height. But it has achieved no political concessions from either Hong Kong’s leaders or the Chinese government, with both branding the protests “illegal”.
Chinese state-run media triumphantly declared the Hong Kong pro-democracy movement “defeated” after the Admiralty site was cleared, and warned domestic and foreign “hostile forces” against destabilising the city.
However, protesters have vowed to struggle on in their fight for fully free elections through various means including refusal to pay rent and taxes.
Activists including leading student protesters Lester Shum and Joshua Wong appeared in court Monday following their arrests at the Mong Kok clearance. The court was adjourned for authorities to decide whether to lay charges, local media said.